- Volume 18 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
The Success of Thread-embedding Therapy in Generating Hair Re-growth in Mice Points to Its Possibly Having a Similar Effect in Humans
Shin, Hyun Jong;Lee, Dong-Jin;Kwon, Kang;Lee, Ji-Yeon;Ha, Ki-Tae;Lee, Chang-Hyun;Jang, Yong-Suk;Lee, Byung-Wook;Kim, Byung Joo;Jung, Myeong-Ho;Seo, Hyung-Sik;Jeong, Han-Sol
- 투고 : 2015.10.07
- 심사 : 2015.10.27
- 발행 : 2015.12.31
Objectives: Recently, thread-embedding therapy (TET) has been widely applied in Korean medicine for cosmetic purposes such as reducing skin wrinkles. An inserted thread was reported to have induced continuous stimulation, followed by support for connective tissue regeneration. However, the potential role of TET in hair-growth has not yet been reported. Methods: We designed this study to evaluate whether TET has a hair-growth-promoting effect. C57 black 6 (C57BL/6) mice were divided into three groups: normal saline-treated, minoxidil-treated, and thread-embedded groups. Normal saline or 5% minoxidil was topically sprayed on the dorsal skin of the mice once a day for 16 days. Medical threads were embedded into the dorsal skin of the mice in a single application. Hair growth activity was evaluated by using dermoscopic and microscopic observations. Sections of the dorsal skin were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Expressions of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), fibroblast growth factor-7 (FGF-7), and fibroblast growth factor-5 (FGF-5) were detected by using immunohistochemical staining. A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was adopted to measure the messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of FGF-7 and FGF-5. Results: TET enhanced anagen development in the hair follicles of C57BL/6 mice. The expressions of BrdU and PCNA, both of which imply active cellular proliferation, were increased by using TET. Moreover, TET increased the expression of FGF-7, an anagen-inducing growth factor, while decreasing the expression of FGF-5, an anagen-cessation growth factor, both at the protein and the mRNA levels. Conclusion: TET enhanced hair re-growth in C57BL/6 mice. TET regulated the expressions of anagen-associated growth factors and activated the proliferation of hair follicular cells in depilated skin lesions. Considering its long-lasting effect, TET may be a good alternative therapeutic for the treatment of alopecia.
alopecia;anagen;hair follicle;thread-embedding therapy
- Hadshiew IM, Foitzik K, Arck PC, Paus R. Burden of hair loss: stress and the underestimated psychosocial impact of telogen effluvium and androgenetic alopecia. J Invest Dermatol. 2004;123(3):455-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-202X.2004.23237.x
- Ahmad W, Faiyaz ul Haque M, Brancolini V, Tsou HC, ul Haque S, Lam H, et al. Alopecia universalis associated with a mutation in the human hairless gene. Science. 1998;279(5351):720-4. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.279.5351.720
- Ellis JA, Stebbing M, Harrap SB. Polymorphism of the androgen receptor gene is associated with male pattern baldness. J Invest Dermatol. 2001;116(3):452-5. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1747.2001.01261.x
- Kaufman KD. Androgens and alopecia. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;198(1-2):89-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0303-7207(02)00372-6
- Alexis AF, Dudda-Subramanya R, Sinha AA. Alopecia areata: autoimmune basis of hair loss. Eur J Dermatol. 2004;14(6):364-70.
- Peters EM, Arck PC, Paus R. Hair growth inhibition by psychoemotional stress: a mouse model for neural mechanisms in hair growth control. Exp Dermatol. 2006;15(1):1-13.
- Messenger AG, Rundegren J. Minoxidil: mechanisms of action on hair growth. Br J Dermatol. 2004;150(2):186-94. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2004.05785.x
- Price VH. Treatment of hair loss. N Engl J Med.1999;341(13):964-73. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199909233411307
- Kaufman KD, Olsen EA, Whiting D, Savin R, DeVillez R, Bergfeld W, et al. Finasteride in the treatment of men with androgenetic alopecia. finasteride male pattern hair loss study group. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1998;39(4):578-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0190-9622(98)70007-6
- Georgala S, Befon A, Maniatopoulou E, Georgala C. Topical use of minoxidil in children and systemic side effects. Dermatology. 2007;214(1):101-2. https://doi.org/10.1159/000096924
- Rogers NE, Avram MR. Medical treatments for male and female pattern hair loss. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;59(4):567-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2008.07.002
- Irwig MS. Depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts among former users of finasteride with persistent sexual side effects. J Clin Psychiatry. 2012;73(9):1220-3. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.12m07887
- Irwig MS. Persistent sexual side effects of finasteride: could they be permanent?. J Sex Med. 2012;9(11):2927-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02846.x
- Li H, Tang CZ, Li SH, Zhang Z, Chen SJ, Zhang JW. [Effects of thread embedding therapy on nucleotides and gastrointestinal hormones in the patient of chronic gastritis]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2005;25(5):301-3. Chinese.
- Lin ZW, Pan WQ. [Investigation on the rate of bone fracture of primary osteoporosis treated by embedding thread at Shenshu (BL 23) during five years]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010;30(4):282-4. Chinese.
- Yao L, Yang Pl, Song WB. [Observation on the clinical efficacy of acupoint thread-embedding therapy for chronic bronchial asthma in the persistent phase]. Shanghai Medical & Pharmaceutical Journal. 2011;32:137-40. Chinese.
- Li Z, Li WX. [Acupoint catgut-embedding for 78 cases of allergic rhinitis]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2013;33(3):211-2. Chinese.
- Lee SM, Lee CW, Jeon JH, Kim YI. [The effect of needle-embedding therapy on the improvement against facial wrinkles: a case series]. The Acupuncture. 2011;28(4):143-7. Korean.
- Lee KS, Ko MK, Lee JH, Kim MJ, Hong KE. [The effect of facial embedding therapy on skin elasticity and moisture content]. The Acupuncture. 2011;28(5):111-9. Korean.
- Vassiou K, Kelekis NL, Fezoulidis I. Multiple retained acupuncture needle fragments. Eur Radiol. 2003;13(5):1188-9.
- Kuhn HG, Cooper-Kuhn CM. Bromodeoxyuridine and the detection of neurogenesis. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2007;8(3):127-31. https://doi.org/10.2174/138920107780906531
- Ito M, Kizawa K, Hamada K, Cotsarelis G. Hair follicle stem cells in the lower bulge form the secondary germ, a biochemically distinct but functionally equivalent progenitor cell population, at the termination of catagen. Differentiation. 2004;72(9-10):548-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-0436.2004.07209008.x
- Sun WS. Introduction to micro-invasive thread-embedding therapy. J Acupunct Tuina Sci. 2012;10(3):196-8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11726-012-0602-0
- Silva-Siwady JG, Diaz-Garza C, Ocampo-Candiani J. A case of Aptos thread migration and partial expulsion. Dermatol Surg. 2005;31(3):356-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/00042728-200503000-00020
- Hardy MH. The secret life of the hair follicle. Trends Genet. 1992;8(2):55-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9525(92)90350-D
- Stenn KS, Paus R. Controls of hair follicle cycling. Physiol Rev. 2001;81(1):449-94. https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.2001.81.1.449
- Krause K, Foitzik K. Biology of the hair follicle: the basics. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2006;25(1):2-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sder.2006.01.002
- Paus R, Cotsarelis G. The biology of hair follicles. N Engl J Med. 1999;341(7):491-7. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199908123410706
- Hebert JM, Rosenquist T, Gotz J, Martin GR. FGF5 as a regulator of the hair growth cycle: evidence from targeted and spontaneous mutations. Cell. 1994;78(6):1017-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(94)90276-3
- Guo L, Degenstein L, Fuchs E. Keratinocyte growth factor is required for hair development but not for wound healing. Genes Dev. 1996;10(2):165-75. https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.10.2.165
- Booth C, Potten CS. Keratinocyte growth factor increases hair follicle survival following cytotoxic insult. J Invest Dermatol. 2000;114(4):667-73. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00927.x
- Hwang KA, Hwang YL, Lee MH, Kim NR, Roh SS, Lee Y, et al. Adenosine stimulates growth of dermal papilla and lengthens the anagen phase by increasing the cysteine level via fibroblast growth factors 2 and 7 in an organ culture of mouse vibrissae hair follicles. Int J Mol Med. 2012;29(2):195-201.
- Ota Y, Saitoh Y, Suzuki S, Ozawa K, Kawano M, Imamura T. Fibroblast growth factor 5 inhibits hair growth by blocking dermal papilla cell activation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002;290(1):169-76. https://doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.2001.6140
연구 과제 주관 기관 : Pusan National University