Factors Affecting on Smartphone Addiction according to the Classification of Addiction-risk Groups among College Students: A Focus on Self-control

대학생의 스마트폰 중독 분류군 별 중독에 영향을 미치는 요인: 자기통제력을 중심으로

  • Received : 2015.08.06
  • Accepted : 2015.12.11
  • Published : 2015.12.31


Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors affecting on smartphone addiction according to the classification of addiction-risk groups among college students, focusing on self-control. Methods: A sample of 242 college students at K University in Seoul was recruited to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire composed of items for the self-rated smartphone addiction scale and self-control scale was used to collect data. Results: The number of students in smartphone addiction-risk group was 66 (27.3%). This study had 17.5% of the explanatory power, including perceived smartphone necessity (${\beta}=.330$, p=.007), and instant self-control (${\beta}=-.281$, p=.028) in addiction-risk group. Whereas, in non-risk group, the affecting factors included gender (${\beta}=.194$, p=.004), self-awareness of addiction (${\beta}=-.290$, p<.001), and instant self-control (${\beta}=-.281$, p<.001) with 31.3% of the explanatory power. Conclusion: There is a need to develop an intervention program to prevent the addiction of smartphones and to improve self-control among college students.


Smartphone;Student;Addictive behavior;Self-control


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