- Volume 7 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
Effects of syllable structure and prominence on the alignment and the scaling of the phrase-initial rising tone in Seoul Korean: A preliminary study
- Received : 2015.11.16
- Accepted : 2015.12.21
- Published : 2015.12.31
The present study investigates the effects of syllable structure and prosodic prominence on the patterns of tonal alignment and scaling of the phrase-initial rise in Seoul Korean. Two syllable structures (Onset (/#CVC.../ as in minsa) vs. No-onset (/#VC.../ as in insa)) and two prominence conditions (Focus vs. Neutral) were considered. Results showed that the alignment of the L and the H tones in the phrase-initial rise was affected by syllable structure but not by prominence. The time of L was before the vowel onset of the first syllable in the Onset condition (i.e., within the onset consonant) and it was after the vowel onset in the No-onset condition. The difference was attributable to the fact that the initial L was anchored at a fixed distance from the phrase boundary, which was about 30ms after the onset of the syllable in both cases. The time of H was also consistently observed about 20ms after the second vowel onset (i.e., /a/ in minsa/insa). Moreover, the rise time (the duration from the L to the H tones) was longer as the local syllable duration became longer due to different syllable structure and prominence conditions. Taken together, the results provide a support for the segmental anchoring hypothesis, which claims that both the beginning and the end of F0 movement are consistently aligned with segmental 'anchor' points with relatively high stability (Ladd et al., 1999). Results also showed that the scaling of the early rise was slightly influenced by syllable structure but not by prominence. The differences between the results of the current study and a previous study (Cho, 2011) are further discussed.
tonal alignment;tonal scaling;Seoul Korean;focus;syllable structure
- Arvaniti, A., Ladd, D. R. & Mennen, I. (1998). Stability of tonal alignment: The case of Greek prenuclear accents. Journal of Phonetics 26, 3-25. https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.1997.0063
- Atterer, M. & Ladd, D. R. (2004). On the phonetics and phonology of 'segmental anchoring' of F0: Evidence from German. Journal of Phonetics 32, 177-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0095-4470(03)00039-1
- Cho, H. (2007). The effects of speech rate on segmental anchoring. Unpublished ms. MIT.
- Cho, H. (2011). The timing of phrase-initial tones in Seoul Korean: a weighted-constraint model. Phonology Vol.28, No.3, 293-330. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675711000285
- Cho, T., Lee, Y., & Kim, S. (2011). Communicatively driven versus prosodically driven hyper-articulation in Korean. Journal of Phonetics 29, 344-361.
- D'Imperio, M. (2000). The role of perception in defining tonal targets and their alignment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. The Ohio State University.
- Jun, S.-A. (2000). K-ToBI Labelling Conventions. http://www.linguistics.ucla.edu/people/jun/ktobi/k-tobi.html
- Jun, S.-A. & Fougeron, C. (2002). A phonological model of French intonation. In B. Antonis (ed.), Intonation: Analysis, Modelling and Technology. Boston: Kluwer. 209-242.
- Jun, S.-A. & Lee, H-J. (1998). Phonetic and phonological markers of contrastive focus in Korean. In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing 4, 1295-1298.
- Ladd, D. R., Faulkner, D., Faulkner, H. & Schepman, A. (1999). Constant 'segmental anchoring' of F-movements under changes in speech rate. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 127, 862-873.
- Ladd, D. R., Mennen, I. & Schepman, A. (2000). Phonological conditioning of peak alignment in rising pitch accents in Dutch. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 107, 2685-2695. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.428654
- Lee, Y., Wang, B., Chen, S., Adda-Decker, M., Amelot, A., Nambu, S., & Liberman, M. (2015). A crosslinguistic study of prosodic focus. Poster be presented at the the 40th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP).
- Prieto, P. & Torreira, F. (2007). The segmental anchoring hypothesis revisited: syllable structure and speech rate effects on peak timing in Spanish. Journal of Phonetics 35, 473-500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2007.01.001
- Schepman, A., Lickly, R. & Ladd, D. R. (2006). Effects of vowel length and 'right context' on the alignment of Dutch nuclear accents. Journal of Phonetics 34, 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2005.01.004
- Selkirk, E. (1986). On derived domains in sentence phonology. Phonology Vol.3, 371-405. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675700000695
- Welby, P. (2002). The realization of early and late rises in French: A production study. Speech Prosody 2002, Aix-en-Provence. 695-698.
- Welby, P. & Loevenbruck, H. (2006) Anchored down in Anchorage: syllable structure, rate, and segmental anchornig in French. Italian Journal of Linguistics 18, 73-124.
- Xu, Y. (1998). Consistency of tone-syllable alignment across different syllable structures and speaking rates. Phonetica 55, 179-203. https://doi.org/10.1159/000028432