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Effect of temperature on photosynthetic capacity and influence of harvesting time on quality of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge

온도에 따른 단삼의 광합성 특성 및 수확시기가 품질에 미치는 영향

  • Seo, Young-Jin (Bonghwa Medicinal Plant Research Station, GyeonBuk Agricultural Technology Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Su (Bonghwa Medicinal Plant Research Station, GyeonBuk Agricultural Technology Administration) ;
  • Kim, Sun-Hwa (KMF Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Yeon (KMF Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Jeong, Yong-Jin (KMF Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Seong, Gi-Un (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Chung, Shin-Kyo (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2015.09.22
  • Accepted : 2015.11.04
  • Published : 2015.12.30

Abstract

Salvia miltiorrhiza has been used for treating heart and liver disease. In the present study, the influences of temperature on photosynthetical capacity of S. miltiorrhiza under controlled cultivation environment using growth chamber were investigated because of providing information about growth and secondary metabolite synthesis. And effect of harvesting time on growth properties and constituents such as salvianolic acid B, cryptotanshinone, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA were evaluated. Maximum photosynthesis rate ($5.102{\mu}mol\;CO2/m2/s$) and net apparent quantum yield ($0.147{\mu}mol\;CO2/m2/s$), stomatal conductance (0.035 mmol/m2/s) and water use efficiency ($7.108{\mu}mol\;CO2/mmol\;H2O$) was highest at $20^{\circ}C$. Results of chlorophyll fluorescence showed that elevated temperature had contributed to reduce a quantum yield and electron flux in photosystem. This result demonstrated that favorable temperature condition was determined at $20^{\circ}C$. Contents of salvianolic acid B, cryptotanshinone, tanshinone I and tanshinone IIA was highest in root sample harvested at 20 March, whereas growth and yield of S. miltiorrhiza had no significant differences with harvesting time. Therefore, this study shows that temperature play an important role in photosynthetic activity and harvesting time have influence upon accumulation of constituents in root of S. miltiorrhiza.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 국내산 단삼의 고랭지 재배기술 및 유효성분 강화 가공기반 구축

Supported by : 농림수산식품기술평가원

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