DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Physicochemical properties of edible cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) in different districts

산지별 식용 귀뚜라미의 이화학적 특성

  • Received : 2015.09.21
  • Accepted : 2015.11.25
  • Published : 2015.12.30

Abstract

Insects have gained increasing attention as an alternative protein and nutrient rich food source for humans. This study was conducted to investigate the physicochemical characteristics and harmful components of edible crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) in the 6 districts of Yeonggwang (YG), Jeongseon (JS), Wonju (WJ), Hwaseong (HS), Geochang (GC), and Chungju (CJ). The average crude protein and crude lipid contents on a dry basis were 64.34% and 16.60%, respectively. The crude protein content of CJ was the highest (67.40%), whereas YG (59.42%) had the lowest content. On the other hand, the crude fat content of YG was the highest (20.61%), whereas CJ (14.04%) had the lowest content. The unsaturated fatty acid contents were 57.97-63.93 g/100 g of the total fatty acid content in the crickets of the 6 districts. The major fatty acids of the crickets in the 6 districts were palmitic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid. Among the essential amino acids, valine, leucine, and lysine were the most abundant. GC had the highest total amino acids (57.93 g/100 g), whereas YG (48.65 g/100 g) had the lowest. Major mineral contents included potassium (K, 0.92~1.01 mg/100 mg) and phosphorus (P, 0.74~0.88 mg/100 mg). The mineral composition was fairly similar among the crickets. Crickets in the 6 districts were verified to have safe levels of residual heavy metals according to the Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) advisory levels.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Rural development administration (2014) Edible insects and cuisine. RDA, Jeonju, Korea, p 6
  2. Srinroch C, Srisomsap C, Chokchaichamnankit D, Punyarit P, Phiriyangkul P (2015) Identification of novel allergen in edible insect, Gryllus bimaculatus and its cross-reactivity with Macrobrachium spp. allergens. Food Chem, 184, 160-166 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.03.094
  3. Caparros Megido R, Alabi T, Nieus C, Blecker C, Danthine S, Bogaert J, Haubruge E, Francis F (2015) Optimisation of a cheap and residential small-scale production of edible crickets with local by products as an alternative protein rich human food source in Ratanakiri province, Cambodia. J Sci Food Agric, 10.1002/jsfa.7133. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7133
  4. Premalatha M, Abbasi T, Abbasi T, Abbasi S (2011) Energy-efficient food production to reduce global warming and ecodegradation : the use of edible insects. Renew Sust Energ Rev, 15, 4357-4360 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.115
  5. Korea FAO Association (2014) World Food, Agriculture & Fisheries. KFAO, Gyeonggi, Korea, 603, 98-103
  6. Anankware PJ, Fening KO, Osekre E, Obeng-Ofori D (2015) Insect as food and feed. Int J Agric Res Rev, 3, 143-151
  7. Chung MY, Lee JY, Lee JC, Park KS, Jeong JP, Hwang JS, Goo TW, Yun EY (2014) Establishment of self-specification and shelf-life by standardization of manufacturing process for lyophilized Tenebrio molitor larvae. J Seric Entomol Sci, 52, 73-78
  8. Hwang SY, Choi SK (2015) Quality characteristics of muffins containing mealworm (Tenebrio molitor ). Korean J Cul Res, 21, 104-115
  9. Kwon EY, Yoo JM, Yoon YI, Hwang JS, Goo TW, Kim MA, Choi YC, Yun EY (2013) Pre-treatment of the white-spotted flower chafer (Protaetia brevitarsis) as an ingredient for novel foods. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr, 42, 397-402 https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2013.42.3.397
  10. Van Broekhoven S, Oonincx DG, van Huis A, van Loon JJ (2015) Growth performance and feed conversion efficiency of three edible mealworm species (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on diets composed of organic by-products. J Insect Physiol, 73, 1-10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2014.12.005
  11. Van Huis A (2013) Potential of insects as food and feed in assuring food security. Annu Rev Entomol, 58, 563-583 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153704
  12. Lee EN, Kwon OS (2013) The effect of invasive cricket species, Gryllus bimaculatus on the survival of Korean cricket species, Teleogryllus emma. Korean J Limnol, 46, 67-74
  13. Kim EM, Lim JH, Chang YJ, An SH, Ahn MY (2015) Changes in the quality characteristics of cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) under various processing conditions. Korean J Food Preserv, 22, 218-224 https://doi.org/10.11002/kjfp.2015.22.2.218
  14. Park KT (2001) Insect resources. World science publishing company, Seoul, Korea, p 202
  15. Seo DH, Hwang SY, Han JH, Koh SK, Kim IS, Ryu KS, Yun CY (2004) Immune-enhancing activity screening on extracts from two crickets, Gryllus bimaculatus and Teleogryllus emma. Entomol Res, 34, 207-211 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5967.2004.tb00115.x
  16. Kim MA, Hwang JS, Yun EY, Kang PD (2014) Edible & medicinal insects. RDA interrobang, Rural Development Administration, Korea, 119, 1-20
  17. Park JH, Jung CE (2013) Current status and prospects of animal feed insect industry. Korean J Soil Zoology, 17, 9-13
  18. AOAC (1990) Official methods of analysis. Association of official analytical chemists, Washington DC, p 17, 37, 440
  19. Folch J, Lees M, Stanley GHS (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J Biol Chem, 226, 497-509
  20. Morrison WR, Smith LM (1964) Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters and dimethylacetals from lipids with boron fluoride-methanol. J Lipid Res, 5, 600-608
  21. Waters Corporation (1993) Waters AccQ-Tag amino acid analysis system operator's manual number 154-02TP. Milford, MA, USA
  22. Yang Q, Liu S, Sun J, Yu L, Zhang C, Bi J, Yang Z (2014) Nutritional composition and protein quality of the edible beetle Holotrichia parallela. J Insect Sci, 14, 1-4
  23. Xia Z, Chen JH, Wu SJ (2013) Hypolipidemic activity of the chitooligosaccharides from Clanis bilineata (Lepidoptera), an edible insect. Int J Biol Marcromol, 59, 96-98 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2013.04.017
  24. Costa-Neto Em (2005) Entomotherapy, or the medicinal use of insects. J Ethnobiol, 25, 93-114 https://doi.org/10.2993/0278-0771(2005)25[93:EOTMUO]2.0.CO;2
  25. Hutchins R F.N, Martin MM (1968) The lipids of the common house cricket, Acheta domesticus L. I Lipid classes and fatty acid distribution. Lipids, 3, 250-255 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02531196
  26. Grapes M, Whiting P, Dinan L, (1989) Fatty acid and lipid analysis of the house cricket, Acheta domesticus. Insect Biochem, 19, 767-774 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1790(89)90058-9
  27. Kim HS, Jung CU (2013) Nutritional characteristics of edible insects as potential food materials. Korean J Apiculture, 28, 1-8
  28. Lee JH, Chae JS, Han KH (2005) Nutritional assessment and management in liver cirrhosis. Korean J Hepatol, 11, 97-105
  29. Lee JH, Kim NK, Lee DY, Lee CH (1999) Protective effect of selected amino acids and food extracts on ethanol toxicity decrement in rat liver. Korean J Food Sci Techonol, 31, 802-808
  30. Mitchell JR, Jollow DJ, Potter WZ, Gillette JR, Brodie BB (1973) Acetaminophen-induced hepatic necrosis IV Protective role of glutathion. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 187, 211-217
  31. Hambidge M (2000) Human zinc deficiency. J Nutr, 130, 1344s-1349s https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.5.1344S
  32. Kim SD, Jung SO, Kim BS, Yun ES, Chang MS (2010) The content of heavy metals in herbal pills used as general processed food and risk assessment of heavy metal intakes. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr, 39, 1038-1048 https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2010.39.7.1038
  33. Codex Alimentarius Commission (2010) Codex general standard for contaminants and toxins in food and feed. FDA, US, Codex stan 193-1995, p 27
  34. Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) (2006) KFDA Notification No. 2006-55, KFDA, Osong, Korea, p 1-5

Cited by

  1. Determination of the shelf life of cricket powder and effects ofstorage on its quality characteristics vol.23, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.11002/kjfp.2016.23.2.211