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Functional component analysis and physical property of Cheonnyuncho (Opuntia humifusa) powder

천년초 분말의 기능성분 분석과 물리적 특성 연구

  • Shin, Dong-Sun (Petitami R&D) ;
  • Han, Gwi-Jung (National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Adminstration) ;
  • Oh, Se-Gwan (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Adminstration) ;
  • Park, Hye-Young (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Adminstration)
  • 신동선 ((주)쁘띠아미) ;
  • 한귀정 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원) ;
  • 오세관 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 박혜영 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원)
  • Received : 2015.07.24
  • Accepted : 2015.11.11
  • Published : 2015.12.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to perform a functional components analysis and investigate the physical properties of powders made from the stems or fruit of freeze-dried Cheonnyuncho cactus (Opuntia humifusa). The functional components analysis showed that the stem and fruit powders han vitamin C levels of 42.14 mg and 105.21 mg, respectively. The stems powder contained more lutein than the fruit powder. The fruit powder contained more vitamin C than the stem powder. The SDF (soluble dietary fiber) and IDF (insoluble dietary fiber) in the stem powder were 45.24% and 22.15%, respectively, which were higher then the values for the fruit powder. The stem and fruit powders contained 19.30 mg/g and 25.10 mg/g of crude saponin, respectively. The pH of the stem and fruit powders was 5.34 and 5.07, respectively, both indicating low acidity. The L, a and b values of the stem powder color were 78.28, -3.71, and 19.19, respectively. The L, a and b values of the fruit powder color were 55.56, 24.84, and -3.18, respectively. The stems powder had a higher bulk density, water holding capacity, and swelling power than those of the fruit powder, but water-retaining capacity of the stem powder was lower than that of the fruit powder. In addition, the stems powder had a higher viscous material content and water uptake compared to the fruit powder. Based on the above results, we determined that Cheonnyuncho (Opuntia humifusa) powder had potentially useful functional components and physical properties.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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