Antibacterial activity of isothiocyanates from cruciferous vegetables against pathogenic bacteria in olive flounder

십자화과 채소 유래 isothiocyanates의 넙치 어병세균에 대한 항균활성

  • Ko, Mi-Ok (Department of Food Bioengineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Ko, Jeong-Yeon (Department of Food Bioengineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Bo (Jeju Wellbeing Vegetables RIS System, Jeju National University) ;
  • Lim, Sang-Bin (Department of Food Bioengineering, Jeju National University)
  • 고미옥 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 고정연 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 김미보 (제주대학교 제주양채류RIS사업단) ;
  • 임상빈 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과)
  • Received : 2015.10.30
  • Accepted : 2015.11.09
  • Published : 2015.12.30


The antimicrobial effects of ten isothiocyanates (ITCs) present in cruciferous vegetables and radish root hydrolysate were investigated against pathogenic bacteria from olive flounder. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were measured against two gram-positive bacterial strains (Streptococcus parauberis, S. iniae) and four gram-negative bacterial strains (Edwardsiella tarda, Vibrio ichthyoenteri, V. harveyi, Photobacterium damselae) by using a broth microdilution technique. The antibacterial activity of ITCs was in the order sulforaphane > sulforaphene > phenylethyl ITC > erucin > benzyl ITC > iberin > I3C > allyl ITC > phenyl ITC > hexyl ITC. The susceptibility of fish pathogens to ITCs was in the order of V. harveyi > E. tarda > P. damselae > S. parauberis > S. iniae > V. ichthyoenteri. Antimicrobial activity (MIC) of radish root hydrolysate was 0.250 mg/mL against S. iniae, 0.438 mg/mL against S. parauberis, and 0.500 mg/mL against both E. tarda and V. harveyi. The aliphatic ITCs were potent inhibitors of the growth of fish pathogens, followed by aromatic ITCs and indolyl ITC. The presence of a double bond in the chemical structure of ITCs decreased antibacterial activity, while ITCs with a thiol (-S-) group and a longer carbon chain increased antibacterial activity. These results suggest that ITCs have strong antibacterial activities and may be useful in the prevention of fish pathogens.


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