A Study on Development of Village Wetlands Inventory Using GIS and Establishment of Management Methods in Asan City, Korea

GIS를 이용한 아산시 마을습지 인벤토리 구축 및 관리 방안 연구

  • Received : 2015.11.19
  • Accepted : 2015.12.29
  • Published : 2015.12.31


This study was conducted to establish an inventory and propose conservation strategies for 'village wetlands' in Asan city, Korea, using GIS. As results, the village wetlands are defined as such places as 'palustrine' wetland, village embankment, agricultural reservoir or small reservoirs located in or near the village and related to everyday life or farming. Firstly 807 provisional village wetlands(draft) were identified in Asan by using Arc-GIS 10.1, then 196 wetlands(final) were defined finally as village wetlands and listed the inventory of Asan Village Wetlands after being validated through office works and field survey. The office works analyzed minimum area(greater than $625m^2$), satellite images, the Korea Land Information System, land use map and land coverage map. To evaluate the function and conservation values, the 37 wetlands were selected for detailed surveying and function assessment based on the following criteria : 1) doubled code both wetland and reservoir at digital map, 2) located less than 100m from village and 3) ecologically connected to such ecological resources as seaside mudflats, mountains and green area and ecological passages for small size wildlifes. As the result of the wetland function assessments by the RAM method, 7 wetlands were found to have 'high' wetland function (conservation) 18 wetlands were 'medium' (enhancement) and 12 wetlands were 'low' (restoration or enhancement). Enhancing biodiversity and ecosystem services through ecological management of wetlands in Asan and connecting with the Ecological Natural Degree were proposed.


Palustrine;Agricultural reservoir;RAM assessment;Ecosystem service;GIS


  1. Jin YH ․ Li L ․ Moon SK and Koo BH. 2013. Functional Assessment of Jilnalnup Wetland by HGM. Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Restoration And Revegetation Technology 16(2): 13-22.
  2. Koo BH and Kim KG. 2001. A Study on the Assessment for the Functions of Inland Wetlands Using RAM(Rapid Assessment Method). Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Restoration And Revegetation Technology 4(3): 38-48.
  3. Koo BH. 2002. A Study on the Classification and Mapping Methods of Wetlands in Korea. Ph.D. dissertation, Seoul National University.
  4. Koo BH. 2007. Korea National Wetland Inventory. MOE, National Wetland Center, UNDP/GEF.
  5. Ministry of Environment. 2001. Assessment Technique and Management Study of Inland Wetlands Depending on Their Types.
  6. Ministry of Environment. 2010. Restoration Technology of Damaged Natural Ecosystem -Development of Conservation and Restoration Measures Per Biotop Types-.
  7. Ministry of Environment ․ UNDP/GEF and National Wetland Project Management. 2009. Discoveries and Conservation Measures of Village Wetlands at Geumgang River basin.
  8. National Academy of Agricultural Science. 2012a. Facts and Utilization of Farming Village Small Scale Wetlands.
  9. National Academy of Agricultural Science. 2012b. Environment Resource Conservation and Utilization Study for Enhanced Rural Amenities.
  10. Park MO ․ Kim HN and Koo BH. 2009. Characteristics and Function Assessment of Inland Wetlands in Chungnam Province. Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Restoration And Revegetation Technology 12(5): 92-100.
  11. Park, Mi Ok ․ Lim, Su Hyun ․ Li, Lan ․ Kim, Bo Heui ․ Yang, Seung Bin and Koo, Bon Hak. 2014. Village Wetlands Inventory and Conservation Strategy in Cheonan. Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Restoration Technology 17(6): 39-50.
  12. Park MO ․ Park ML and Koo BH. 2007. A Study on Function Assessment of Coastal Wetlands for Ecological Network Establishment-Focused on the Westcoast of Chungnam Province -. Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Restoration And Revegetation Technology 10(6): 70-80.
  13. Son JK. 2009. A Study on Growth Environment and Vegetation Characteristic of Small Palustrine Wetland in Rural Areas. Master's Thesis, Dankook University.
  14. Yi GC. 2012. Development, value and use of wetland inventory. Journal of Korean Wetlands Society 14(1): 303-315.
  15. Yi GC ․ Lee JW and Kim YS. 2010. Development of GIS Based Wetland Inventory and Its Use. The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies 13(1): 50-61.
  16. Yin SH ․ Kim DG ․ Kim HS and Kwak JW. 2010. Assessment of Hwapo Riverine Wetland Function Using Hydrogeomorphic Approach. Journal of Korean Society of Civil Engineers 30(1): 53-60.
  17. Zhu WH and Koo BH. 2006. Wetlands Classifying Characteristics by Wetland Classifying Systems - Cases on the Tu-men River and Han River -.Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Restoration And Revegetation Technology 9(6) 152-161.
  18. Zhu WH. 2002. Comparative Study on the Tumen River Downstream and Eastern DMZ Wetland Classification and Distribution Characteristics. PhD dissertation, Seoul National University.
  19. Daum map(
  20. Korea Land Information System(
  21. Naver map(
  22. The National Institute of The Korean Language (


Supported by : 충남녹색환경지원센터