The Effect of Yoga and Pilates Training on Obesity Indexes, muscle mass in each body part and Physical Fitness in Male College Students

요가와 필라테스 트레이닝이 비만 남자대학생의 비만도, 신체 부위별 근육량 및 체력에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Ji-Sun (Department of Leisure Sports, Jungwon University)
  • 김지선 (중원대학교 레저스포츠학과)
  • Received : 2015.08.10
  • Accepted : 2015.09.11
  • Published : 2015.09.30


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Yoga and Pilates training on the obesity indexes, muscle mass in each body part and physical fitness of male college students in an effort to provide some clinical information on exercise prescription. The subjects in this study were 20 selected obese male students. A yoga group and a pilates group were organized with 10 students each, and the training was provided for 12 weeks, 5 times a week, 90 minutes each. The findings of the study were as follows: First, both of yoga and pilates made significant differences to obesity indexes(an increase in skeletal muscle mass, a decrease in BMI, a decrease in body fat rate and a decrease in WHR), to muscle mass in each body part(an increase in muscle mass on the right arm, left arm, trunk, right leg, and left leg), and to physical fitness(an increase in lower extremity muscle strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, left balance and right balance). Second, pilates exercised a more signifiant influence than yoga on an increase in skeletal muscle mass, the improvement of muscle mass in each body part(an increase in muscle mass on the right arm, left arm, trunk, right leg and left leg), and the improvement of balance(left and right). Third, yoga had a more significant impact on a decrease in BMI, body fat rate and WHR. Given the findings of the study, yoga and pilates seem to be efficient exercise programs to improve the obesity indexes of obese male college students and promote their health.

본 연구의 목적은 요가와 필라테스 트레이닝이 비만 남자대학생의 비만도, 신체 부위별 근육량 및 체력에 미치는 영향을 분석하여 운동처방의 임상적 기초 자료를 제공하고자 하였다. 피험자는 비만 남자대학생 총 20명을 각각 10명씩 요가와 필라테스 두 집단으로 무선할당하여 12주간 주 5회 1회당 90분씩 트레이닝을 실시하였다. 그 결과 첫째, 요가와 필라테스는 모두 비만도(골격근량 증가, BMI 감소, 체지방률 감소, WHR 감소), 신체 부위별 근육량(오른팔, 왼팔, 몸통, 오른다리, 왼다리 근육량 증가), 체력(하지근력, 근지구력, 유연성, 좌측평형성, 우측평형성 향상)에 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 둘째, 필라테스는 요가보다 골격근량 증가, 신체 부위별(오른팔, 왼팔, 몸통, 오른다리, 왼다리)근육량 증가, 평형성 (좌, 우) 향상에 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 셋째, 요가는 필라테스 보다 BMI, 체지방률, WHR 감소에 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 이러한 결과로 요가와 필라테스 트레이닝은 비만 남자대학생들의 비만도 개선과 건강증진에 유용한 운동프로그램으로 적용 가능하다고 사료되어진다.



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