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자기초월과 고독감이 재가 노인의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

The effect of self-transcendence and loneliness on quality of life of the elderly

  • 투고 : 2015.07.15
  • 심사 : 2015.10.08
  • 발행 : 2015.10.31

초록

본 연구는 재가노인의 삶의 질과 고독감, 자기초월 정도를 파악하고 고독감과 자기초월이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향정도를 확인함으로써, 노인의 삶의 질 향상을 위한 간호중재 개발의 기초자료를 제공하기 위하여 시도된 서술적 조사연구로 연구대상자는 65세 이상의 노인 171명이다 연구결과는 연구대상자의 자기초월 정도는 2.7 점으로 중위수 수준이었고 고독감 정도는 2.0 점으로 중위수보다 낮고, 삶의 질 정도는 중위수 수준이었다. 자기초월, 고독감 및 삶의 질 간의 관계를 살펴보면, 삶의 질은 자기초월과는 양의 상관관계 (r=.618, p=<.000), 고독감과는 음의 상관관계 (r=-.567, p=<.000)가 있으며 삶의 질에 영향을 미티는 요인으로는 자기초월이 37.1%(t=4.009, p=<.000), 경제상태는 13.6%(t=7.144, p=<.000), 일반적 건강상태는 9.5%(t=7.566, p=<.000), 고독감은(t=-7.400, p=<.000), 배우자는 1.4%(t=2.940, p=<.004)를 설명하여, 총 70.5%를 설명하는 것으로 나타났다 (F=82.250, p=<.000). 따라서 자기초월을 증진시키고 고독감을 완화시킬 수 있는 사회 구축망을 형성하고 여가활동등 다양한 사회지지체계를 형성할 필요성이 있다.

키워드

loneliness;quality of lif;transcendence

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