Biomechanical Research on Forward Gait with Backward Mechanism

후진 보법을 이용한 전방향 보행의 생체역학적 연구

  • Hah, Chong-Ku (Industry-University Collaboration Foundation, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jeong, Wang-Soo (Biomechanics & Sport Engineering Laboratory of Kookmin University) ;
  • Hong, Su-Yeon (Industry-University Collaboration Foundation, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jang, Young-Kwan (Department of Industrial & Management, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Ki, Jae-Sug (Eletrical, Electronics and Control Engineering, Sangmyung University)
  • 하종규 (강원대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 정왕수 (국민대학교 생체역학 및 스포츠공학 연구소) ;
  • 홍수연 (강원대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 장영관 (강원대학교 산업경영공학과) ;
  • 기재석 (상명대학교 전기전자제어학과)
  • Received : 2015.08.07
  • Accepted : 2015.11.06
  • Published : 2015.11.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate possibility of a forward gait with backward mechanism(dance gait) as rehabilitation and/or walking exercise by means of biomechanical variables. Thirteen professional women dancers(age, $21.1{\pm}1.3yrs$; height, $159.3{\pm}7.2cm$; body mass, $45.1{\pm}8.4kg$)participated in this study. We found that speed, stride length and double limb support time of a dance gait were more greater than backward gait, but stride width of dance gait less than a backward gait. Maximum RoMs, moments and powers of the lower limb joints on a dance gait were more frequent than a backward dance. These results were judged to be sufficient by the possibility of dance gait as rehabilitation and walking exercise.


Supported by : 한국연구재단


  1. Bobath, B. Adult Hemiplegia: Evaluation and Treatment. Butterworth-Heinemann, London, 1970
  2. Yang, Y. R., Yen, J. G., Wang, R. Y., Yen, L. L., & Lieu, F. K. Gait outcomes after additional backward walking training in patients with stroke: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil March, 19(3), 264-273, 2005.
  3. Kong, S. J., Kim, S. H., Huyn, K. S., Jee, Y. S., Kim, Y. P., Nam, H. C., & Kim, C. J. Effects of backward walking on muscular functions of knee joint in ACL reconstructive patients. Journal of Coaching Development, 9(4), 103-114, 2007.
  4. Cho, K. K., Kim, Y. S., & Cho, S. H. The Comparative Analysis of EMG Depending on Variations of Speed in Forward Walking and Backward Walking. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 17(3), 1-10, 2007. DOI:
  5. Han, S. W. The Effect of Forward Walking and Backward Walking on Quadriceps Muscles With Treadmill Inclination: Surface Electromyographic Analysis. Korean Academy Of University Trained Physical Therapy, 12(1), 63-70, 2005.
  6. Threlkeld A. J., Horn T. S., Wojtowitcz G. M., Rooney J. G., Shapiro R. Kinematics, ground reaction force, and muscle balance produced by backward running. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 11(2), 56-62, 1989. DOI:
  7. Thomas MA, Fast A. One step forward and two step back: The dangers of walking backwards in therapy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 79(5), 459-461, 2000. DOI:
  8. Yoo, H. S., In, H. K., & Choi, I. A., Analysis of the Ground Reaction Forces by the Dancesport Rumba Backward Walk Step. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 18(1), 129-135 2008. DOI:
  9. Choi, H. S., & Jeon, S. B. Effect of Backward Walking Training on Balance Capability and Gait Performance in Patients With Stroke. Journal of digital convergence, 13(1), 367-373. 2014.
  10. Thomas M. A., Fast A. One step forward and two step back: The dangers of walking backwards in therapy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 79(5):459-461, 2000. DOI:
  11. Vilensky J. A,. Gankiewicz E. & Gehsen G. A. kinematic comparison of backward and forward walking in humans. J Hum Move Study. 13:29-50. 1987.
  12. Kramer J. F,. & Reid D. C. Backward walking: A cinematographic and electromyographic pilot study. Physiother. 33(2):77-86. 1981.
  13. Roos, P. E., Barton, N., Robert, W. M. & Van Deursen. Patellofemoral joint compression forces in backward and forward running. Journal of Biomechanics, 45(9), 1656-1660, 2012. DOI: