알루미늄, 플라스틱, 플라스틱/종이 재질의 간접 증발 소자 성능 비교

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김내현
Kim, Nae-Hyun

  • 투고 : 2015.06.22
  • 심사 : 2015.12.04
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31

초록

여름철이 무더운 대한민국에서는 냉방에 많은 전력을 소비한다. 이 경우 간접증발냉각을 동시에 적용하면 전기 사용을 줄일 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 알루미늄, 플라스틱, 플라스틱/종이 재질로 만들어진 간접증발소자에 대하여 건표면 및 습표면 실험을 수행하였다. 실험 결과 플라스틱/종이 소자의 간접증발효율은 38.5% ~ 51.4%로 알루미늄 소자의 값 (41.9% ~ 47.5%)과 유사하고 플라스틱 소자의 값 (29.0% ~ 37.4%)보다는 높게 나타났다. 이로부터 저가의 플라스틱/종이 재질의 간접증발소자가 고가의 알루미늄 재질 간접증발소자를 대체할 수 있으리라 판단된다. 하지만 종이 채널의 압력손실은 알루미늄 채널의 압력손실보다 92% ~ 106% 크다. 한편 종이와 알루미늄 건채널의 열전달계수는 플라스틱 건채널의 값보다 15% ~ 44%, 185% ~ 203% 크게 나타났다. 반면 종이 건채널의 압력손실은 알루미늄 건채널 보다 93% ~ 106%, 플라스틱 건채널보다 34% ~ 48% 크게 나타났다. 습표면 해석결과 알루미늄 습채널에서는 17% ~ 23%, 플라스틱 습채널에서는 30% ~ 37%가 건표면으로 나타났다. 반면 종이 습채널의 경우는 100% 습표면으로 나타났다. 이는 종이의 흡습성이 알루미늄이나 플라스틱보다 월등하기 때문이다.

키워드

Aluminum;Indirect evaporative cooler;Performance;Paper;Plastic

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