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국내 방위산업 글로벌 경쟁력 분석 -효율성 및 생산성 중심으로-

김준영;홍종의
Kim, Joon-Young;Hong, Jong-Yi

  • 투고 : 2015.08.20
  • 심사 : 2015.12.04
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31

초록

국내 방위산업은 국방을 위한 국가의 중요한 산업으로 정부의 적극적인 지원을 바탕으로 방산물자 수출 확대 등 양적으로 많은 성장을 이루었다. 하지만 전문화 계열화 제도 폐지에 따른 민수시장의 경쟁 원리 도입, 치열한 글로벌 경쟁 환경에 따른 정부의 국내 방산시장 경쟁 촉진 정책 등에 따라 국내 방위산업의 글로벌 경쟁력에 많은 관심을 기울이게 되었다. 즉, 양적인 성장과 더불어 국내 방위산업의 질적 우수성 및 글로벌 경쟁력에 대한 분석의 필요성이 대두되었다. 본 연구에서는 대륙별 방위산업에 대한 효율성 및 생산성 현황 및 추세를 분석하여 국내 방위산업의 글로벌 경쟁력 수준 평가 및 시사점을 도출하고자 한다. 이를 위해 자료포락분석(DEA) 및 맘퀴스트 생산성 분석을 이용하였다. 본 연구를 통해 국내 방위산업체들의 글로벌 경쟁력 수준 및 위상을 살펴보고, 국내 방위산업 경쟁력 향상을 위한 기초자료로 활용되어, 향후 국내 방위산업체 육성 관련 정책 수립에 도움이 될 것으로 기대된다.

키워드

Competitiveness;Defense Industry;DEA;Efficiency;Productivity;MPI

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