A Study on the Socio-Technical Transition in Electric Lighting : from Incandescent Lamp to Fluorescent Lamp

전기조명의 사회기술전환 연구 : 백열램프에서 형광램프로

Kim, Jaeil;Lee, Heesang

  • Received : 2014.09.27
  • Accepted : 2015.01.07
  • Published : 2015.03.31


Technology for electric lighting has been evolving from Incandescent Lamp(IL) through Fluorescent Lamp(FL) and currently to Solid State Lighting(SSL) such as LED for more than 130 years of time. However, it took more than 100 years until the transition from IL to FL across overall society. That is because the transition is the Socio-Technical Transition(STT) which involves various social elements. This study investigated and analyzed the theories regarding STT, and applied the Multi-Level Perspective(MLP) theory to the case of electric lighting. A qualitative contents analysis was used with secondary data as research method, and the analyzed result was visualized based on the frame of MLP theory. The STT of electric lighting from IL to FL took place as the order of Technical Niche, Socio-Technical Regime and Landscape. Specifically, in Technical Niche level: Establishing Market Niche, Price-Performance Improvement, Learning Process and Support of Powerful Group took place. In Socio-Technical Regime level: Changes in Social Network, Changes in Technology and Changes in Rules. In Landscape level: Macro-Political Development, Socio-Economic Trends and Macro-Economic Trends took place in consecutive order.


Incandescent Lamp;Fluorescent Lamp;SSL;LED;Sociotechnical System;Sociotechnical Transition;Multilevel Perspective


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