A Study on Simulation Analysis for the Transmission Delay on the Process bus network in IEC 61850 Digital Substation

디지털변전소 통합 IED 용 Process Bus 네트워크 통신지연 시뮬레이션 연구

  • Received : 2014.09.30
  • Accepted : 2015.07.27
  • Published : 2015.08.31


Digitalization of the substation in Korea has been in progress so far with focusing on Station Bus. However, its application to Process Bus has been delayed due to some technical issues. IEDs based on Process Bus use the data values of SV and GOOSE. As the size of communication data on Process Bus is comparatively bigger than that of Station Bus, it is very important for the evaluating the performance of Process Bus to analyze the transferring speed and quality of data from the first equipment, which is located on process level, to station level. According to the results of related studies, it is said that the most important factor for the design and operation of Process Bus network is the communication delay with consideration of the volume of packets. In the paper, the results of performance test for the network with and without application of VLAN on Process Bus system that uses integrated IEDs are presented. Additionally, the paper proposes the optimal method to analyze the communication delays of network systems through evaluating the maximum delay time, link process ratio and the amount of lost packets by using a simulation tool.


Digital Substation;Process Bus;Station Bus;SV;Goose;VLAN;Multi-Cast


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