Comparison of Response Systems and Education Courses against HNS Spill Incidents between Land and Sea in Korea

국내 HNS 사고 대응체계 및 교육과정에 관한 육상과 해상의 비교

Kim, Kwang-Soo;Gang, Jin Hee;Lee, Moonjin

  • Received : 2015.12.02
  • Accepted : 2015.12.28
  • Published : 2015.12.31


As the type of Hazardous and Noxious Substances(HNS) becomes various and the transport volume of HNS increases, HNS spill incidents occur frequently on land and the sea. In view of various damages to human lives and properties by HNS spills, it is necessary to educate and train professional personnel in preparation for and response to potential HNS spills. This study shows the current state of response systems and education courses against HNS spill incidents on land and the sea to compare those with each other between land and sea in Korea. Incident command system on land are basically similar to that at sea, but leading authority which is responsible for combating HNS spills at sea is changeable depending on the location of HNS spill, as it were, Korea Coast Guard(KCG) is responsible for urgent response to HNS spill at sea, while municipalities are responsible for the response to HNS drifted ashore. Education courses for HNS responders on land are established at National Fire Service Academy(NFSA), National Institute of Chemical Safety(NICS), etc., and are diverse. Education and training courses for HNS responder at sea are established at Korea Coast Guard Academy(KCGA) and Marine Environment Research & Training Institute(MERTI), and are comparatively simple. Education courses for dangerous cargo handlers who work in port where land is linked to the sea are established at Korea Maritime Dangerous Goods Inspection & Research Institute(KOMDI), Korea Port Training Institute(KPTI) and Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology(KIMFT). Through the comparison of education courses for HNS responders between land and sea, some recommendations such as extension of education targets, division of an existing integrated HNS course into two courses composed of operational level and manager level with respective refresh course, on-line cyber course and joint inter-educational institute course in cooperation with other relevant institutes are proposed for the improvement in education courses of KCG and KOEM(Korea Marine Environment Management Corporation) to educate and train professionals for combating HNS spills at sea in Korea.


Hazardous and Noxious Substances(HNS);HNS spill incidents;Response systems;Education courses;Professional personnel


  1. Cho, S. J., D. J. Kim and K. S. Choi(2013), Hazardous and Noxious Substances(HNS) Risk Assessment and Accident Prevention Measures on Domestic Marine Transportation, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 145-154.
  2. Choi, J. H.(2002), A Study on Risk Management System for Maritime Hazardous and Noxious Substances Centering on Korea and U.S.A., a master's thesis in graduate school of Korea Maritime University, pp. 37-64.
  3. Choi, J. W. and S. H. Lee(2007), Effect of Accession to OPRC-HNS Protocol on Korean Industry, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 37-42.
  4. Choi, J. W. and S. H. Lee(2009), Analysis on Response System in US for Chemicals Driven Marine Pollution Accidents and Korean Response Policy Plan, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 205-212.
  5. Choi, H. K., H. M. Kim and Y. You(2015), A Study on the Improvement in the training course for the efficiency response Hazardous and Noxious Substances Accident, Proceedings of the Fall Meeting 2015 of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, pp. 35-37.
  6. Im, T. S., S. H. Lee and J. W. Choi(2006), Developing Status of the Preparedness and Response System for HNS Accident, Proceedings of the KOSOMES Spring Annual Meeting 2006, pp. 65-70.
  7. Kim, D. H.(2015), Response Plan and Risk Management in Case of HNS Spills at Sea. Proceedings of the KOSOMES Fall Annual Meeting 2015, pp. 31-33.
  8. Kim, H. M., S. H. Lee, S. W. Park and W. G. Seo(2015), The Construction of Cooperative Work System against Maritime Chemical Incidents, Proceedings of the KOSOMES Fall Annual Meeting 2015, p. 38.
  9. KOEM(2015a), Flowchart of KEOM's response to HNS spills,
  10. KOEM(2015b), KOEM Local Contingency Plan for Combating Marine Pollution in Yeosu branch office, KOEM Yeosu branch office, p. 6.
  11. Lee, H. H., G. S. Rim, H. K. Seo, J. S. Keum and C. S. Kim(2013), A study on Development of Job-based Expert Training Model for International Maritime Dangerous Goods, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 19, No. 6, pp. 649-657.
  12. Lee, M. J. and J. Y. Jung(2013), Risk Assessment and National Measure Plan for Oil and HNS Spill Accidents near Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 73, pp. 339-344.
  13. Lee, M. J. and S. W. Oh(2014), Development of Response Scenario for a Simulated HNS Spill Incident, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 677-684.
  14. ME(2012), Chemical Accident Emergency Response Manual, Published Registered No. 11-1480347-0000026-01, p. 61.
  15. MOF(2015a), Standard Manual on Crisis Management in Case of Large-Scale Marine Pollution Accidents , p. 12.
  16. MOF(2015b), Practice Manual on Crisis Response in Case of Massive Scale Marine Pollution Accidents , p. 15.
  17. NICS(2014), Response to chemical accidents and valuable roles of NICS, NICS, p. 26.
  18. NICS(2015), Education system of NICS education system,
  19. YROOF(2015), Pollution incident response system diagram,


Supported by : 한국해양과학기술진흥원