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식물에서 shikimate 및 방향족 아미노산 생합성 경로와 이의 대사공학적 응용

임선형;박상규;하선화;최민지;김다혜;이종렬;김영미
Lim, Sun-Hyung;Park, Sang Kyu;Ha, Sun-Hwa;Choi, Min Ji;Kim, Da-Hye;Lee, Jong-Yeol;Kim, Young-Mi

  • 투고 : 2015.04.14
  • 심사 : 2015.05.29
  • 발행 : 2015.09.30

초록

식물의 페닐알라닌, 티로신, 그리고 트립토판과 같은 방향족 아미노산은 단백질 합성의 구성 성분 뿐만 아니라 다양한 이차 대사물질들의 전구물질들이다. 이러한 방향족 아미노산 유래의 화합물들은 식물의 색소와 세포벽 구성성분을 포함하는 다양한 페놀릭 화합물들의 구성성분이자, 옥신과 살리실산과 같은 식물 호르몬으로써 중요한 역할을 수행한다. 또한 이들은 인간의 영양과 건강을 증진하는 높은 잠재력을 지니는 알칼로이드 및 글루코시놀레이트와 같은 천연산물로써 역할을 한다. 방향족 아미노산의 생합성경로는 shikimate 경로로부터 유래되는 공통의 중간기질인 chorismate를 공유한다. 트립토판은 중간기질로 anthranilate를 통해 합성되고, 페닐알라닌 및 티로신은 중간기질인 prephenate를 통해 합성된다. 본 논문에서는 방향족 아미노산 생합성경로에 관련한 모든 단계의 효소와 전사/전사후 수준에서의 그들의 유전자 조절에 대한 최근 연구들에 대해 종합적으로 되짚어 보면서, 추가적으로 식물의 방향족 아미노산 유래의 천연물질 생산을 증진시키기 위해 그 동안 시도되어온 대사 공학적 노력들에 대해서 소개하고자 한다.

키워드

Aromatic amino acid;Metabolic engineering

참고문헌

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