Tyrosine phosphorylation as a signaling component for plant improvement

Park, Youn-Il;Yang, Hyo-Sik;Oh, Man-Ho

  • 투고 : 2015.10.27
  • 심사 : 2015.11.07
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31


Plant genome analyses, including Arabidopsis thaliana showed a large gene family of plant receptor kinases with various extracellular ligand-binding domain. Now intensively studies to understand physiological and cellular functions for higher plant receptor kinases in diverse and complex biological processes including plant growth, development, ligands perception including steroid hormone and plant-microbe interactions. Brassinosteroids (BRs) as a one of well know steroid hormone are plant growth hormones that control biomass accumulation and also tolerance to many biotic and abiotic stress conditions and hence are of relevance to agriculture. BRI1 receptor kinase, which is localized in plasma membrane in the cell sense BRs and it bind to a receptor protein known as BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1). Recently, we reported that BRI1 and its co-receptor, BRI1-ASSOCIATED KINASE (BAK1) autophosphorylated on tyrosine residue (s) in vitro and in vivo and thus are dual-specificity kinases. Other plant receptor kinases are also phosphorylated on tyrosine residue (s). Post-translational modifications (PTMs) can be studied by altering the residue modified by directed mutagenesis to mimic the modified state or to prevent the modification. These approaches are useful to not only characterize the regulatory role of a given modification, but may also provide opportunities for plant improvement.


Post-translational modification;Brassinosteroids;BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1;Plant Receptor Kinases;BRI1-ASSOCIATED KINASE1;Tyrosine phosphorylation


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연구 과제 주관 기관 : Chungnam National University (CNU)