Comparative Study of the Efficiency of GC with Large Volume Injector and SPE Clean-up Process Applied in QuEChERS Method

GC-대용량 주입장치와 SPE를 적용한 QuEChERS 잔류농약 분석법의 효율성 비교

  • Received : 2015.09.24
  • Accepted : 2015.11.17
  • Published : 2015.12.31


This study was conducted to compare STQ method, multi-residue method in Korean food code and QuEChERS method for validated selected and accuracy, reproducibility and efficiency. A total of 45 selected and targeted pesticides were the analyzed by GC and 5 of them were crops (apple, potato, green pepper, rice, soy bean). $R^2$ values were calculated in the standard calibration curve was over 0.990. Recovery tests were performed by three replications in two levels and the relative standard deviation of the repeated experiments was less than 30%. The average percentage of recoveries in the multi-residue method in Korean food code was 89.13%, QuEChERS method was 92.45% and STQ method was 85.28%. In addition, matrix effects in multi-residue method in Korean food code was 24.61%, QuEChERS method was 23.98% and STQ method showed 11.24%. The STQ method is easy and showed high clean-up effect in extracting the sample solution than the QuEChERS method and clean-up with C18, PLS, PSA cartridge columns. A large volume of the sample was injected in order to compensable for the problem, that occurred due to high detection limit in the analyser. When the STQ method was applied using a large volume injector, the standard calibration curve showed a higher linearity $R^2=0.990$, and method detection limit was 0.01 mg/kg. It showed an average recovery of 91.84% and the relative standard deviations of three replications repeated in two level process was less than 30% and had an average matrix effect of 17.90%.


Multi-residue pesticide;QuEChERS;STQ;LVI;PTV;Matrix effect


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