Appendix Extraction from Ultrasound Image using ART2

ART2 알고리즘을 이용한 초음파 영상에서의 충수 추출

  • Received : 2015.10.02
  • Accepted : 2015.11.09
  • Published : 2015.11.30


In this paper, we propose a novel method to extract appendix from ultrasound image automatically to avoid such subjectivity issue. In the process, we apply a series of image processing algorithms such as Ends_in search stretching for emphasizing brightness contrast and binarization, region labelling, and cubic spline interpolation for extracting lower bound fasicia line that is the base of extracting the appendix. Knowing that the appendix is located at the lower organ area below the bottom fascia line, we conduct a series of image processing techniques to find the fascia line correctly. And then we apply ART2 algorithm to the organ area in order to extract appendix accurately. Through experiment, the effectiveness of the proposed method is verified based on the field experts' evaluations.


  1. J. Y. Yoon, D. H. Ryu, S. G. Lee, J. G. Jeong, O. G. Jeong, "Acute appendicitis diagnostic usefulness using abdomen ultrasonic wave", Journal of the Korean Surgical Society, Vol.66, No.6, pp.503-507, 2004.
  2. J. H. Lee, P. C. Choi, M. S. Shim, K. J. Song, Y. K. Jeong, "Comparison of Computer Tomography and Sonography in Patients Suspected of Having Appendicitis," Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine, Vol.12, No.3, pp.290-297, 2001.
  3. H. -H. Do, J. -C. Kim, J. -H. Kim, S. -C. Kim, T. -Y. Shin, Y. -S. Kim, Y. -R. Ha, "Accuracy of Emergency Physician's Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis," Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine, Vol.16, No.5, pp.547-554, 2005.
  4. K. -B. Kim, D. H. Yu, Y. -S. Hong, "Extraction of Muscle from Ultrasound Images of Cervical Regions," Information- An International Interdisciplinary Journal, Vol.16, No.4, pp.2669-2678, 2013.
  5. S. E. Umbaugh Computer Vision and Image Processing: A Practical Approach Using CVIP tools, Prentice Hall PTR, 1998.
  6. K. B. Kim, "Panoramic Image Reconstruction using SURF Algorithm", Journal of The Korean Society of Computer and Information, Vol.18, No.4, pp.13-18, 2013.
  7. K. B. Kim, D. H. Song, "Extraction of Appendix from Ultrasonographic Images with Fuzzy Binarization Technique," International Journal of Software Engineering and Its Applications, Vol.8, No.9, pp.29-38, 2014.
  8. S. I. Park, K. B. Kim, "Appendix Analysis from Ultrasonography with Cubic Spline Interpolation and K-Means Clustering," International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, Vol.5, No.4, pp.1-10, 2013.