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Recent Research Trends of Mixed Matrix Membranes for CO2 Separation

이산화탄소 분리용 혼합 매질 분리막 최신 연구 동향

  • Chi, Won Seok (Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University) ;
  • Lee, Jae Hun (Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University) ;
  • Park, Min Su (Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Jong Hak (Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University)
  • 지원석 (연세대학교 화공생명공학과) ;
  • 이재훈 (연세대학교 화공생명공학과) ;
  • 박민수 (연세대학교 화공생명공학과) ;
  • 김종학 (연세대학교 화공생명공학과)
  • Received : 2015.10.03
  • Accepted : 2015.10.19
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

In the past few decades, polymeric membrane has played an important role in gas separation applications. For the separation of $CO_2$, one of greenhouse gases, high permselectivity, long-term stability and scale-up are needed. However, conventional polymeric membranes have shown a trade-off relation between permeability and selectivity while inorganic materials are highly permeable but expensive. Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) combining the advantages of both polymeric and inorganic materials have become a possible breakthrough for the next-generation gas separation membranes. The MMMs could be either symmetric or asymmetric but the latter is more preferred to improve the permeance. Important factors influencing the MMM fabrication include homogeneous distribution of inorganic particles and good interfacial contact between inorganic filler and organic matrix. Recently, metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have received much attention as a new class of porous crystalline materials and a potential candidate for $CO_2$ separation. Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), a sub-branch of MOFs, are the most widely used in MMMs due to small particle size and appropriate pore size for $CO_2$ separation. One of the major issues associated with the incorporation of porous particles in a polymeric membrane is to control the microstructure of the porous particle materials such as particle size, orientation, and boundary conditions etc. In this review, major challenges surrounding MMMs and the strategies to tackle these challenges are given in detail.

지난 수십 년 동안, 고분자막은 기체 분리 분야에서 큰 역할을 해왔다. 온실가스의 주범인 이산화탄소를 분리하기 위해서는 더 높은 투과선택도와 장수명 및 대면적 등을 요구한다. 하지만 기존 고분자 분리막들은 투과도와 선택도의 역상관 관계 특징을 지니고 있으며, 무기물질은 투과성능이 우수하지만 가격이 비싸다는 단점이 있다. 최근 많은 연구가 진행되어온 혼합 매질 분리막은 고분자와 무기물질의 이점들을 혼합하여 기체 분리막의 차세대로서 큰 이목을 이끌고 있다. 혼합 매질 분리막은 대칭적인 구조 또는 비대칭적인 구조를 가지고 있으며, 투과량을 증가시키기 위해서는 비대칭적인 구조가 바람직하다. 혼합 매질 분리막에서 가장 중요한 변수로는 무기입자의 균일한 분산과 무기물과 고분자 사이의 좋은 계면을 형성하는 것이다. 최근에 새로운 분류의 다공성 결정성 물질인 금속 유기 구조체(MOF)는 이산화탄소 분리용 소재로써 많은 관심을 끌고 있다. MOF의 한 종류 중, zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF)는 가장 흔하게 사용되는 무기입자이며 이는 입자의 크기를 작게 만들 수 있으며, $CO_2$를 분리하기에 적절한 기공의 크기를 가지고 있기 때문이다. 이 밖에 혼합 매질 분리막에 사용되는 특정 물질들을 적용하기 위해서는 선택도와 크기, 호환성, 안정성 등을 동시에 최적화시켜야 한다. 이와 같이 본 총설에서는, 혼합 매질 분리막에 관련된 주요 연구내용과 이러한 연구를 수행하는 대표적인 전략들을 소개하였다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP)

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