Study for Examples of Fire Including Friction with Automotive Clutch, Manual Transmission and Tire System

자동차 클러치, 수동변속기, 타이어 시스템의 마찰에 관련된 화재사례 연구

Lee, Il Kwon;Moon, Hak Hoon;Kim, Jin Jun

  • Received : 2015.05.15
  • Accepted : 2015.06.26
  • Published : 2015.06.28


The purpose of this paper is to study and analyze the failure examples for fire by friction on clutch, manual transmission and tire system in a car. In the first example, the driver took the pedal with foot to act the clutch. But the clutch disk did not return from flywheel by leakage of clutch hydraulic line. The heat was produced between clutch disk and flywheel by surface contacting. As a result, it was produced the fire by oil sludge sticked with transmission. In the second example, the transmission system was operated to transfer power of engine by contacting with gear and gear. But, as if the oil of transmission was caused the oil insufficiency because of leaking by crack of transmission case, it found the fact that was produced the fire by deposit material on transmission case. In the third example, when the car's driver continuously pushed an accelerator pedal for escaping from dry pit, the tire took the heat by the friction force between tire and surface of road. As a result, it became the direct cause for the fire. Therefore the driver must manage not to produce the fire with friction parts by heating during running.




  1. Chung Kyun Kim and Il Kwon Lee, "Failure Study for Tribological Characteristics Analysis of a Clutch System in Passenger Cars", Journal of the KSTLE Vol. 22, No.4, 196-202, (2006)
  2. Chung Kyun Kim and Il Kwon Lee, "Tribological Failure Study of Manual Transmissions in Front Engine and Front Wheel Drive Vehicle", Journal of the KSTLE Vol. 24, No. 6, 285-290, (2008)
  3. Marty, Ahrens, "An Overview of the U.S. Highway Vehicles Fire problem", SAE paper 2005-01-1420
  4. Thomas M. De Santis, Charies T. Adams etl, "Motor Vehicle Fire Investigation", SAE paper 2008-01-0555
  5. Chung Kyun Kim and Il Kwon Lee, "Failure Studies on the Wear Scars of an Automotive Tires", Journal of the KSTLE Vol. 23, No. 5, 228-333, (2007)
  6. Hyundai Motor Company, "Construction of Automotive", 1996
  7. Ho-in Kang and Chang-ho Kook, "Chassis of Automotive ", Golden-bell, (2013)
  8. IL Kwon Lee, et al, " Study for Fire Examples of Fuel leakage in Automotive Fuel System", Proceeding of KIGAS Spring Conference, (2011)
  9. Maintenance manual of Hyundai Motors, (2012)
  10. Maintenance manual of Kia Motors, (2012)
  11. Maintenance manual of GM Daewoo Motor, (2012)
  12. National Emergency Management Data,