Consequence Analysis for Accidental Gas Release in Labs

실험실 가스 누출 시 피해 영향 분석

Jang, Yuri;Jung, Seungho;Park, Kyoshik

  • Received : 2015.06.27
  • Accepted : 2015.08.26
  • Published : 2015.08.31


Accidents in laboratory dealing with chemicals have constantly occurred. In the case of a gas explosion or an accident related to leakage of chemical materials, the damage is much greater, thereby leading to a serious accident. Especially, the safety of laboratory in University is important because students build up knowledge and skills and accumulate experience as the main researchers. In this paper, 5 gases(CO, $NH_3$, $H_2$, $CH_4$, $N_2$) are selected to model since they are often used in university laboratories. From the scenarios where the gases are released, the diffusion process is estimated and analyzed to predict damage degree by PHAST v.6.7. Internal diffusion process is modeled through FLUENT which is Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) tool. Also, we compare indoor damage with outdoor one when discharged to the outside through the laboratory's window. In the modeling results, the outdoor damages for accident scenarios in the results are far less than then of real plants since the vessel usually used in laboratory(i.e. the capacity of the cylinder; 47 L or less) is significantly less than workplace's one(using ton measure). However as shown in the results small amount can have high consequences for indoor accidents.


Laboratory;Gas release;PHAST v.6.7;FLUENT;Consequence


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Grant : 고압 독성가스 사고피해 기반 안전관리 기술개발

Supported by : 산업부