- Volume 4 Issue 2
DOI QR Code
Effects of balance imagery of semi-tandem stance on a flat floor and balance beam for postural control: a comparison between older and younger adults
- Lee, Jeong-Weon ;
- Hwang, Sujin
- Received : 2015.11.12
- Accepted : 2015.11.19
- Published : 2015.12.26
Objective: Balance is a preceding task for functional activities in daily activities as well as community-dwelling activities. To learn skilled and functional activities, it is also necessary to imagine an appropriate and effective movement representation used to plan and execute the functional activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of balance imagery of semi-tandem stance on a flat floor and balance beam on balance abilities for elderly and young adults. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Fifteen elderly and thirty-four young adults were enrolled in this study. In order to determine whether there is a change in postural control ability according to the different imagery training methods used, standing static balance measurements were performed. According to the therapist's instructions, participants were to stand in a semi-tandem position on the Good Balance System for 1 minute while imagining that they were standing on a balance beam, and while the postural control abilities was assessed. Results: Postural control was significantly different in balance ability of semi-tandem stance on a flat floor compared to on a balance beam in both geriatrics and young adults. Postural sway was more significantly decreased in young adults than older adults during balance imagery of semi-tandem stance on a flat floor as well as on balance beam (p<0.05). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the ability to mentally represent their actions was similar in older adults compared to young adults, although older adults showed a drop in efficiency of postural control more than young adults.
- Painter JA, Elliott SJ, Hudson S. Falls in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older: prevalence and contributing factors. J Allied Health 2009;38:201-7.
- Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott MH. Motor control: translating research into clinical practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
- Peeters G, van Schoor NM, Lips P. Fall risk: the clinical relevance of falls and how to integrate fall risk with fracture risk. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2009;23:797-804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.berh.2009.09.004
- Boisgontier MP, Beets IA, Duysens J, Nieuwboer A, Krampe RT, Swinnen SP. Age-related differences in attentional cost associated with postural dual tasks: increased recruitment of generic cognitive resources in older adults. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2013;37:1824-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.07.014
- Kruse RL, Lemaster JW, Madsen RW. Fall and balance outcomes after an intervention to promote leg strength, balance, and walking in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy: "feet first" randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther 2010;90:1568-79. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20090362
- Li F, Harmer P, Stock R, Fitzgerald K, Stevens J, Gladieux M, et al. Implementing an evidence-based fall prevention program in an outpatient clinical setting. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013;61:2142-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.12509
- Szturm T, Betker AL, Moussavi Z, Desai A, Goodman V. Effects of an interactive computer game exercise regimen on balance impairment in frail community-dwelling older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther 2011;91:1449-62. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20090205
- Yadegaripour M, Sadeghi H, Shojaedin SS, Shamsehkohan P. Effects of a combined aquatic-nonaquatic training program on static and dynamic balance in elderly men. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013;61:1417-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.12390
- Caeyenberghs K, Tsoupas J, Wilson PH, Smits-Engelsman BC. Motor imagery development in primary school children. Dev Neuropsychol 2009;34:103-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/87565640802499183
- Molina M, Tijus C, Jouen F. The emergence of motor imagery in children. J Exp Child Psychol 2008;99:196-209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2007.10.001
- Brown RM, Palmer C. Auditory and motor imagery modulate learning in music performance. Front Hum Neurosci 2013;7:320.
- Guillot A, Desliens S, Rouyer C, Rogowski I. Motor imagery and tennis serve performance: the external focus efficacy. J Sports Sci Med 2013;12:332-8.
- Kho AY, Liu KP, Chung RC. Meta-analysis on the effect of mental imagery on motor recovery of the hemiplegic upper extremity function. Aust Occup Ther J 2014;61:38-48. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12084
- Kingsley JD, Zakrajsek RA, Nesser TW, Gage MJ. The effect of motor imagery and static stretching on anaerobic performance in trained cyclists. J Strength Cond Res 2013;27:265-9. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182541d1c
- Mulder T, Hochstenbach JB, van Heuvelen MJ, den Otter AR. Motor imagery: the relation between age and imagery capacity. Hum Mov Sci 2007;26:203-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2007.01.001
- Personnier P, Ballay Y, Papaxanthis C. Mentally represented motor actions in normal aging: III. Electromyographic features of imagined arm movements. Behav Brain Res 2010;206:184-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2009.09.011
- Cacola P, Roberson J, Gabbard C. Aging in movement representations for sequential finger movements: a comparison between young-, middle-aged, and older adults. Brain Cogn 2013; 82:1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2013.02.003
- Kojima G. Frailty as a predictor of future falls among communitydwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2015;16:1027-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2015.06.018
- Plummer-D'Amato P, Cohen Z, Daee NA, Lawson SE, Lizotte MR, Padilla A. Effects of once weekly dual-task training in older adults: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2012;12:622-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00825.x
- Menant JC, Schoene D, Sarofim M, Lord SR. Single and dual task tests of gait speed are equivalent in the prediction of falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ageing Res Rev 2014;16:83-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2014.06.001
- Rubenstein LZ. Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention. Age Ageing 2006;35 Suppl 2:ii37-ii41. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afl084
- The effects of water-based exercise on postural control in children with spastic cerebral palsy vol.6, pp.2, 2017, https://doi.org/10.14474/ptrs.2017.6.2.77
- Comparison of rhythmic and non-rhythmic aerobic exercises on depression and balance in the elderly vol.6, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.14474/ptrs.2017.6.3.146