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Diversity and Phylogenetic Analysis of Culturable Marine Bacteria Isolated from Rhizosphere Soils of Suaeda japonica Makino in Suncheon Bay

순천만 칠면초의 근권으로부터 분리된 해양세균의 다양성 및 계통학적 분석

You, Young-Hyun;Park, Jong Myong;Nam, Yoon-Jong;Kim, Hyun;Lee, Myung-Chul;Kim, Jong-Guk
유영현;박종명;남윤종;김현;이명철;김종국

  • Received : 2015.01.06
  • Accepted : 2015.02.02
  • Published : 2015.02.28

Abstract

Bacterial diversity was studied in the rhizosphere of Suaeda japonica Makino, which is native to Suncheon Bay in South Korea. Soil samples from several sites were diluted serially, and pure isolation was performed by subculture using marine agar and tryptic soy agar media. Genomic DNA was extracted from 29 pure, isolated bacterial strains, after which their 16S rDNA sequences were amplified and analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis was performed to confirm their genetic relationship. The 29 bacterial strains were classified into five groups: phylum Firmicutes (44.8%), Gamma proteobacteria group (27.6%), Alpha proteobacteria group (10.3%), phylum Bacteriodetes (10.3%), and phylum Actinobacteria (6.8%). The most widely distributed genera were Bacillus (phylum Firmicutes), and Marinobacterium, Halomonas, and Vibrio (Gamma proteobacteria group). To confirm the bacterial diversity in rhizospheres of S. japonica, the diversity index was used at the genus level. The results show that bacterial diversity differed at each of the sampling sites. These 29 bacterial strains are thought to play a major role in material cycling at Suncheon Bay, in overcoming the sea/mud flat-specific environmental stress. Furthermore, some strains are assumed to be involved in a positive interaction with the halophyte S. japonica, as rhizospheric flora, with induction of growth promotion and plant defense mechanism.

Keywords

Coastal salt marsh;marine bacteria;Suncheon Bay;Suaeda japonica Makino

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Acknowledgement

Grant : 차세대 에코이노베이션기술개발사업

Supported by : 환경부