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발효 동충하초의 유용성분 및 생리 활성 작용

안희영;박규림;윤경훈;이재윤;조영수
Ahn, Hee-Young;Park, Kyu-Rim;Yoon, Kyoung-Hoon;Lee, Jae-Yun;Cho, Young-Su

  • 투고 : 2015.01.13
  • 심사 : 2015.02.10
  • 발행 : 2015.02.28

초록

본 실험은 동충하초 분말과 8가지 균주로 각각 발효한 동충하초 분말의 혈전용해 활성, 항산화 활성, tyrosinase 저해 활성 그리고 총 폴리페놀 함량, 플라보노이드 함량, 미네랄 함량을 비교 검토하였다. 발효한 결과 CAo군의 총 폴리페놀과 플라보노이드 함량이 발효 전에 비해 가장 증가하였고, 주요 미네랄인 K, Mg, Ca, Zn 등의 함량 역시 증가하였다. 또 native-PAGE를 이용하여 발효 전과 발효 후 단백질을 비교하였을 때, CAo군에서 새로운 단백질이 관찰되었다. DPPH 라디칼 소거능 측정에서는 CMp군이 다른 군에 비해 경미하게 높은 활성을 나타냈지만, 모든 군들이 합성항산화제인 butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)에 비해 낮은 활성을 나타내었다. tyrosinase 저해 활성을 보았을 때 CAo군이 C군 보다 높은 활성을 나타내었다. 발효 후 번데기 동충하초의 항혈전을 비교한 결과, CAk군과 CBs군에서 큰 항혈전능을 나타내었다. 두 균주를 1%(v/w), 5%(v/w)로 접종하여 발효 시간과 발효 온도를 조정하면서 각각의 항혈전 최적 조건을 분석한 결과, CAk군과 CBs군 모두 5%(v/w)로 접종하여 $40^{\circ}C$에서 24시간 발효하였을 때 최대 항혈전 활성을 나타내었다. 따라서, 번데기 동충하초는 발효 균주에 따라 건강 기능성식품의 원료 또는 혈전용해제의 원료로써 가능성을 보이며 이에 대한 심층적인 연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

키워드

Antioxidative activity;Cordyceps militaris;fermentation;fibrinolytic activity;tyrosinase inhibition activity

참고문헌

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 교육과학기술부