Simulation Analysis on Passengers' Normal Evacuation Scenarios Considering the Changes of Heeling Angle during MV Sewol's Sinking

세월호 침몰시의 힐링각변화 조건에서 승객의 정상적인 탈출시나리오에 관한 시뮬레이션 분석

  • Hwang, Kwang-Il (Division of Mechanical and Energy Systems Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University)
  • 황광일 (한국해양대학교 기계.에너지시스템공학부)
  • Received : 2014.12.31
  • Accepted : 2015.02.25
  • Published : 2015.02.28


Under the conditions of invested actual changes of heeling angles during MV Sewol's sinking, this study proposes passengers' evacuation scenarios, which are based on the assumption of normal orders of evacuation being given to the passengers, and evaluates using a marine-specialized human evacuation simulation tool. As results, when the heeling angle is set as 0 degree or 30 degree, it is found out that almost every passengers can success to evacuate to the musterstations, even though the evacuation times are different depending on the scenarios and the walking speeds. Meanwhile, when the heeling angle is varied as the Sewol incident, 3.1 %(Scenario Sc-Va which set chutes on port side as evacuation routes), 11.1 %(Sc-Vb, every open decks of port side as evacuation routes) and 20.0 %(Sc-Vc, every open decks of port and AFT sides as evacuation routes) among 476 passengers can successfully reach to the musterstations from their cabins with the condition of average walking speed as 2.04 m/s on flat. And only 0.8 %(Sc-Va), 3.8 %(Sc-Vb) and 10.7 %(Sc-Vc) can success to evacuate with the condition of average walking speed as 1.48 m/s on flat.


MV Sewol;Heeling angle;Passenger;Evacuation scenario;Simulation


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