Patterns of Observation Type of Elementary Science-gifted Students in Visit Activities of the Science Museum

과학박물관 탐방활동에서 나타난 초등 과학 영재 학생들의 관찰 유형 분석

  • Received : 2014.11.25
  • Accepted : 2015.01.23
  • Published : 2015.03.28


The aim of this study was to categorize and analyze the patterns of the observation type in the experiential learning through the science museum for elementary gifted students in science. Ten science-gifted students were included and analyzed in this study and during experiential learning in the science museum, the participants freely expressed their observation of their own languages and all observations and dialogue were recorded. The results are listed below. The cognitive aspect, especially question and response activity without their personal opinion, was the most frequently used item. Among the affective aspects, item for 'recommendation' was often used. In accordance to observation type, most participants overall observed single object independently of time. Also, participants mostly observed objects visually using qualitative method without manipulation. Therefore verbal interaction through question might have a positive effect on frequency and diversity of observation. Project learning, such as particular exhibition hall, exploratory time of concentration by students, or study paper will be capable of creating a effective observation learning in order to induce a variety of observation of science gifted students in the experiential learning through the science museum.


Observation;Science-gifted Student;Science Museum;Experiential Learning


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