Causality Analysis for Public and Private Expenditures on Health Using Panel Granger-Causality Test

  • Lee, Su-Dong (Department of Industrial & Management Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Lee, Junghye (Department of Industrial & Management Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Jun, Chi-Hyuck (Department of Industrial & Management Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2015.03.02
  • Accepted : 2015.03.17
  • Published : 2015.03.30


Every year governments spend their national budget on public health in order to reduce financial burden of individuals on health. Although it has been widely believed that the increase of public expenditure on health decreases private health expenditure, it has not been proved by analysis with real data. For better understanding, we conducted an empirical study on the real data of 17 OECD countries-Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The panel Granger-causality test is used to verify the cause-and-effect relationship between the two expenditures. As a result, public expenditure on health has a 3 to 4 year-lagged negative effect on private health expenditure in the cases of the 16 countries except for the United States.


Panel Granger-Causality Test;Public Health;Health Expenditure


Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea


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