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마이크로스트립 리플렉트어레이 안테나에 관한 연구

윤영중
Yoon, Young Joong

  • 투고 : 2015.10.07
  • 심사 : 2015.11.12
  • 발행 : 2015.11.30

초록

마이크로스트립 리플렉트어레이는 다수의 반사소자를 이용하여 방사패턴을 조절하는 안테나로서, 일반적으로 곡면형 반사판 안테나를 대체하기 위하여 연구되어왔다. 본 논문에서는 리플렉트어레이에 관한 간략한 설계 이론을 정리하고, 고이득 및 광대역 리플렉트어레이의 연구동향을 살펴본다. 리플렉트어레이의 이득 특성을 개선하기 위해서는 리플렉트어레이에서 구현되는 반사위상의 오차를 최소화해야 하는데, 이를 위해서는 충분히 넓은 반사위상 범위 및 낮은 반사위상 민감도를 얻어야 한다. 리플렉트어레이의 대역폭을 확장하기 위해서는 반사소자의 반사위상이 주파수에 대해 선형적인 특성을 가지도록 설계해야 한다. 본 논문에서는 적층형 구조, 단층 다중공진 구조 등, 고이득 및 광대역 리플렉트어레이를 위해 반사소자의 반사위상 특성을 개선하고자 하는 다양한 연구에 대해 살펴본다. 또한, 안테나를 보다 소형화하기 위해 리플렉트어레이를 이중 반사판 형태로 구현하는 연구를 소개하고, 마지막으로 Contoured 빔, 근거리 빔 집중, RCS 감소 등 다양한 리플렉트어레이 적용 사례에 대해 정리한다.

키워드

Microstrip Reflectarray Antenna;Reflector Antenna

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