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치과위생사의 주관적 안녕감과 관련 요인

정소유;조영식
Joung, So-Yu;Cho, Young-Sik

  • 투고 : 2015.10.26
  • 심사 : 2015.11.09
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31

초록

본 연구는 2015년 5, 6월에 전국의 치과 의료기관에서 근무하고 있는 치과위생사 731명을 편의 추출하여 주관적 안녕감과 관련 요인을 파악하고자 설문조사를 실시하였다. 분석은 SPSS 18.0을 이용하였으며, 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 일반적 특성 및 직무 특성에 따른 직무 만족도, 직업 정체성, 직무 몰입도, 여가 만족도를 분석한 결과 연령이 높을수록, 독신 상태보다는 혼인상태에서, 최종 학력이 높을수록, 직위가 높을수록, 월평균 급여가 많을수록 직무 만족도, 직업 정체성, 직무 몰입도가 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 여가 만족도는 여성보다는 남성(3.63)이 높게 나타났고 최종학력이 높을수록 높게 나타나 대학원 졸업(3.89)에서 가장 높게 나타났으며, 한 달 운동 횟수가 많을수록, 월평균 음주 횟수가 3~5회(3.45)에서 가장 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 치과위생사의 긍정경험지수에 영향을 미치는 요인을 분석한 결과 직무 만족도, 직업 정체성, 직무 몰입도, 여가 만족도가 긍정경험지수에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 판단되었고(p<0.05, ${\beta}$>0), 독립변수 중 직무 만족도, 직업 정체성, 여가 만족도가 부정경험지수에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다(p<0.05, ${\beta}$>0). 근무강도는 부(-)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 판단되었다(${\beta}$<0). 이상의 결과 치과위생사의 주관적 안녕감과 관련된 요인은 직무 만족도, 직업 정체성, 여가 만족도가 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 치과위생사의 주관적 안녕감을 향상시키기 위해서 전문 직업성을 확립하고, 직무 만족도, 직업 정체성과 여가 만족도를 높이기 위한 방안이 마련되어야 한다고 생각된다.

키워드

Job commitment;Job identity;Job satisfaction;Leisure satisfaction;Subjective well-being

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