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Survey of Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids, Knowledge, Awareness and Performance on Standard Precautions of Infection Control in Nursing Students

간호대학생의 혈액 및 체액 노출실태, 감염예방 표준주의 지식, 인지도 및 수행도

  • Received : 2015.02.23
  • Accepted : 2015.03.26
  • Published : 2015.04.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual situation of nursing students' exposure to blood and body fluids, and their knowledge, awareness and performance of standard precautions in an attempt to offer basic data for education of nursing students concerning infection control. The participants of this study were 309 juniors and seniors enrolled in the nursing colleges in J province. Of the participants, 71.5% turned out to have experienced exposure to the blood and body fluids of patients. The mean score of the knowledge about standard precautions was $20.59{\pm}2.05$, whereas grade, infection control education were statistically significant. The average awareness of standard precautions scored $4.67{\pm}.36$, and age, no follow-up measures were statistically significant. The mean sore for the performance of standard precautions was $4.25{\pm}.70$, while exposure to blood and body fluids was found to be statistically significant. There was positive correlation between the participants' knowledge, awareness and performance. The awareness(${\beta}=.274$) of standard precautions only stood out significantly among the factors affecting the performance of standard precautions, accounting for 8.6% in the performance variance of standard precautions. The study found it necessary to develop the infection control program in diverse ways by complementing especially the areas which used to show low awareness and performance of standard precautions. It is thus suggested to intensify education for students about infection control prior to starting clinical training.

Keywords

Infection Control;Performance;Awareness;Knowledge;Standard Precautions

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Cited by

  1. Influence of Knowledge and Awareness on Nursing Students' Performance of Standard Infection Control Guidelines vol.23, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2017.23.4.347