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Determinant Factors of Maintaining Employment in a Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Focusing on the Personal Factors of Participants Employed after Vocational Training Program

청년기 지적장애인의 고용 유지 결정 요인: 직업훈련 프로그램 참여자의 개인적 요인을 중심으로

  • 박은영 (전주대학교 사범대학 중등특수교육과)
  • Received : 2014.09.22
  • Accepted : 2014.10.30
  • Published : 2015.04.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the determinant factors of maintaining employment in young adults with intellectual disabilities who took part in a vocational training program and was employed. The determinant factors were from four areas, such as physical competence, job-related task performance, emotional behaviors, and functional adaptive behaviors. 64 young adults with intellectual disabilities participated in this study. The participants' capacities were examined during the program, and then their job retention was examined through a follow-up survey six month after the end of the program. Tests contained hand dexterity, grasp strength, finger strength, visual-perception, Survey of Functional Adaptive Behaviors, and Observational-Emotional Inventory-Revised. After data collection, the data were analyzed by binary logistic regression. The results indicated that dexterity in both hands (OR= 1.123) in physical competence, anxiety (OR= .733) and socialization (OR= .429) in emotional behaviors, and academic skills (OR= 1.077) and vocational skills (OR= 1.542) in functional adaptive behaviors were significant determinant factors. These significant factors which affected job attention were consistent with the results from previous studies, and should be considered when designing and constructing an effective career and vocational education program for young adults with intellectual disabilities.

Keywords

Maintaining Employment;Determinant Factor;Intellectual Disabilities

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