The Influence of Learner Factors on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning: Negative Emotion and Working Memory

외국어 어휘 학습에서 학습자 요인의 영향: 부적 정서와 작업기억

  • Received : 2015.02.16
  • Accepted : 2015.04.06
  • Published : 2015.04.28


We investigated the influence of negative emotion such as state-trait anxiety and depression and working memory (WM) on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning (FLVL) of South Korean university students. Also, its implications for developing contents for FLVL were discerned. To do so, state-trait anxiety and depression inventories as well as four kinds of WM test were performed for 132 undergraduate students. Participants also had two semantic learning sessions for Swahili words. The mean scores of negative emotions were normal level. The results of structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that there was no effect of negative emotion on FLVL, while direct effects of the negative emotion on WM and the WM on FLVL were significant. Such results suggested that FLVL would be weakened, with the result that WM had been impaired by negative emotions. These outcomes suggested that when developing FLVL content for university students, it is necessary to consider the negative emotions of foreign language learners and to develop the contents for FLVL in the light of WM load.


Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning;Anxiety;Depression;Working Memory


Supported by : 한국연구재단


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