A Study on Classification of Apartment Complexes Using Spatial Analysis Technique - Focused on Pedestrian Circulation in Apartment Complex -

공간분석을 이용한 아파트단지의 유형화 방안에 관한 연구 - 단지 내 보행동선 체계의 관점에서 -

  • Byun, Nahyang ;
  • Kim, Minseok
  • 변나향 ;
  • 김민석
  • Received : 2015.01.20
  • Accepted : 2015.04.08
  • Published : 2015.04.30


The classification of apartment complex used to be done by building shape, layout, and system of circulation in the complex, which are from a form-based perspective. Layout 'form' of housing complex is directly influenced by physical & legal condition of the site, leading to lower relation to resident's living pattern. Thus, it is necessary to set criteria for classification of apartment complex reflecting resident's living pattern. Spatial analysis technique represented by Space Syntax is well known to explain the human behavior in architectural and urban space. The purpose of this study is to set the criteria for classification of apartment complex using spatial analysis technique and to apply it to classification of actual apartment complexes. First, this study begins with reviewing basic design principles of housing complex and previous studies. Next, criteria are defined based on the characteristics of spatial structure in apartment complex by applying Space Syntax. In order to measure the spatial structure of apartment complex, 'integration' index is mainly used. Mean, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis value were derived from the distribution of integration values and verified as classification criteria. Finally, we carry out the classification of actual apartment complexes based on the criteria proposed in this study and the validity and effectiveness of the classification are checked and discussed through the characteristics of the spatial configuration of the cases.


Apartment Complex;Classification;Spatial Configuration;Spatial Analysis;Space Syntax;Skewness


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