Comparative Study on Sloshing Impact Flows between PIV and CFD

슬로싱 충격현상 해석을 위한 모형실험과 수치해석 적용에 관한 비교 연구: PIV vs. CFD

  • Received : 2014.10.21
  • Accepted : 2015.04.16
  • Published : 2015.04.30


In this study, experimental and numerical methods were applied to observe sloshing impact phenomena. A two-dimensional rectangular tank filled with water and air was considered with a specific excitation condition that induced a hydrodynamic impact without an air pocket at the top corner of the tank. High-speed cameras and a pressure measurement system were synchronized, and a particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was applied to measure the velocity field and corresponding pressure. The experimental condition was implemented in a numerical computation to solve incompressible two-phase flows using a Cartesian-grid method. The discretized solution was obtained using the finite difference and constraint-interpolation-profile (CIP) methods, which adopt a fractional step scheme for coupling the pressure and velocity. The tangent of the hyperbola for interface capturing (THINC) scheme was used with the weighed line interface calculation (WLIC) method to capture the interface between the air and water. The calculated impact pressures and velocity fields were compared with experimental data, and the relationship between the local velocity and pressure was investigated based on the computational results.


Sloshing;Velocity measurement;Particle image velocimetry;Cartesian grid method


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Cited by

  1. Experimental Study on Sloshing in Rectangular Tank with Vertical Porous Baffle vol.29, pp.4, 2015,


Supported by : 서울대학교 로이드기금 연구센터 (LRFC)