Evaluation of Mixed Korean Red Ginseng Marc with Aluminum Sulfate on Gas Concentration and VFA in Poultry Litter in Comparison with Aluminum Sulfate: In Terms of Livestock and Environment Managements

깔짚에서 발생되는 가스와 휘발성지방산에 대한 황산알루미늄과 비교 시 혼합 홍삼박제제의 평가: 축산환경 경영관점에서

Choi, In-Hag

  • Received : 2015.02.20
  • Accepted : 2015.03.17
  • Published : 2015.04.30


This study was conducted to determine the effects of mixed Korean red ginseng marc with aluminum sulfate on gas concentration and volatile fatty acid (VFA) in poultry litter during 4 weeks in terms of livestock and environment managements. A total of 240 broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four treatments in four replications and 15 birds per replicate. The four treatments was mixed to rice hull under each pen at 0, 10 g or 20 g red ginseng marc + 90g aluminum sulfate, and 100g aluminum sulfate per kg poultry litter (rice hulls). Carbon dioxide, methane, acetic acid, and propionic acids were measured weekly. The results that could be available include: First, during the experimental period, carbon dioxide emissions were not remarkably different among treatments. Second, no differences were observed among treatments in methane emissions at 2 weeks through 4 weeks, but at 1 week, the reduction in methane emissions was in following order: 100 g aluminum sulfate > 20 g red ginseng marc + 90 g aluminum sulfate > 10 g red ginseng marc + 90 g aluminum sulfate > control. Third, in spite of statistically differences, treatment with 10 g or 20 g red ginseng marc + 90g aluminum sulfate, and 100g aluminum sulfate reduced acetic acid and propionic acid as a function of time, except acetic acid in aluminum sulfate treatment at 2 and 4 weeks. In conclusion, the results indicated that like aluminum sulfate, using 10 g or 20 g red ginseng marc with aluminum sulfate was effective in decreasing methane and propionic acid released from poultry litter.


Red ginseng marc;Aluminum sulfate;Poultry litter;Carbon dioxide;Methane;Volatile fatty acid


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