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Oral health related quality of life according to firefighters' job characteristics

소방공무원의 업무요인에 따른 구강건강관련 삶의 질

Hwang, Se-Hyun;Kim, Sung-Ae;Lee, Ji-Young;Ko, Hyo-Jin;Park, Jung-Hyun;Urm, Sang-Hwa;Yu, Byeng-Chul
황세현;김성애;이지영;고효진;박정현;엄상화;유병철

  • Received : 2014.08.20
  • Accepted : 2015.04.22
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

Objectives: The $1.8{\pm}1.5$purpose of the study was to investigate the oral health related quality of life according to work factors of firefighters in Korea. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 270 firefighters in Changwon, Gimhae, and Ulsan from June 27 to July 24, 2011 after receiving informed consent. The questionnaire consisted of 5 questions of general characteristics of the subjects, 6 questions of job-related characteristics, and 14 questions of oral health related quality of life(OHIP-14). Data analysis was performed with reliability test, descriptive analysis, t-test, analysis of variance(ANOVA) and multiple regression analysis using SAS(version 9.2) program. Results: The score of oral health related quality of life in firefighters was $10.1{\pm}8.0$. The scores of subscale of the oral health quality of life were $2.4{\pm}1.5$ in physical pain, $1.8{\pm}1.5$ in psychological discomfort, $1.5{\pm}1.5$ in physical disability, $1.4{\pm}1.5$ in functional limitation, $1.3{\pm}1.4$ psychological disability, $0.9{\pm}1.3$ in handicap, and $0.7{\pm}1.3$ in social disability. The related factors of oral health quality of life in firefighters were rank(p=0.016) and the frequency of daily mobilization(p=0.029). Conclusions: Oral health related quality of life in firefighters was relatively in good condition. For the better oral health related quality of life in firefighters, it is important to establish the continuing oral health promotion program for those who have irregular job characteristics and job intensity.

Keywords

firefighters;job characteristics;oral health related quality of life

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