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Design of Beam-forming Reader Antenna for Train Position Detection using RFID

RFID 시스템 이용한 열차 위치검지용 빔폭 가변형 RFID 리더안테나

  • Received : 2015.02.03
  • Accepted : 2015.03.10
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

This paper presents a $4{\times}1$ beam-forming reader antenna system for a new type of RFID based train position detection technology. The required beamwidth of the reader antenna is analytically expressed for different train speeds. The proposed antenna system consists of four rectangular patch elements and two switching couplers which are designed, without any impedance matching networks, for two different antenna modes. The switching coupler is a rectangular quadrature coupler with Pin diodes connecting its center line and the ground plane. The beamwidth of the antenna when the diodes are off and on is $18^{\circ}$ and $39^{\circ}$, respectively. The proposed antenna system will be used for a real train test in the near future.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 수요연계형 미래광역도시철도기술개발

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