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A Comparative Study of the Korean, Japanese and Manchurian Railway Policy during the Japan Colonial Period

한국, 일본, 만주의 철도현황 비교연구 -1920년대 중반 일제강점기를 중심으로-

  • Lee, Yongsang (Department of Railroad Management, Woosong University) ;
  • Chung, Byunghyun (Department of Transportation & Logistics, Woosong University)
  • Received : 2015.02.04
  • Accepted : 2015.03.06
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

At the end of the 19th and in the early 20th centuries, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria, and areas throughout East Asia, suffered a number of cycles of growth and development, for which the railway was a very important development tool and was closely associated with national policy. East Asian affairs, especially at the time, seemed very important to the continent, and their influence on the advance of this remarkable era was especially prominent in Japan. In the midst of this period, the national railway may have evolved under national policy and railway policy and under a variety of organizations and persons of influence. In this paper, we have tried to find the similarities and differences among the three countries that built the East Asia Railway; we consider the characteristics of the East Asia Railway from the perspectives of these three countries. Comparing the characteristics of the three country's railways, first, Japan had the motives of continental expansion and modernization in its pursuit of the railway; in Korea, the railway played the role of a continental rail link; and in Manchuria there was a tendency to pursue direct domination of the railway. Second, the Japanese applied their railway model to Korea; the Korean railway may have been in operation, but it was an extension of the railway of Japan. The railway in Manchuria showed a similar pattern to that which can be found in the state of Asian domination of Europe ; Japan showed aspects of dominance over the railway because it had experience running a private railway.

References

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