Influence of the Geometry on the Natural Convection Heat Transfer inside a Vertical Cylinder

수직 원형관내 자연대류 열전달에서 기하구조의 영향

  • Received : 2015.02.21
  • Accepted : 2015.03.17
  • Published : 2015.03.31


Natural convection heat transfer rates in vertical pipes were measured varying the diameter, length, and roughness of vertical cylinder. To achieve high Rayleigh number with relatively small test rig, mass transfer experiments instead of heat transfer were performed based on the analogy. Prandtl number was 2,014. The length of vertical cylinder was 0.1m, 0.3m, and 0.5m, which correspond to GrL $4.2{\times}10^7$, $1.1{\times}10^9$, and $5.5{\times}10^9$. To each length of vertical cylinder, the heat transfer rates were measured varying the iameter 0.005m, 0.01m, and 0.03m. The heat transfer rate for a short length pipe(0.1m) agreed with the prediction from Le Fevre correlation developed for a vertical plate for all diameter. The heat transfer rate decreases as the diameter and the length of the pipe increases. The heat transfer rate inside of vertical cylinder is affected by roughness only for a laminar flow regime.


Vertical cylinder;Natural convection;Roughness;Analogy;Electroplating system


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Supported by : 한국연구재단(NRF)