A Study on Geometric Analysis of Hagia Sophia

성 소피아 성당의 기하학적 분석에 관한 연구

  • Cho, Hyunbeom ;
  • Park, Jin-Ho ;
  • Yu, Do Yeon
  • 조현범 ;
  • 박진호 ;
  • 유도연
  • Received : 2015.01.01
  • Accepted : 2015.05.13
  • Published : 2015.05.30


This paper deals with formal characteristics of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, designed by Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. Influenced by the Platonic Academy in Athens, the two architects were highly skilled in mathematics and geometry. Accordingly, it is believed that a strong geometrical tradition characterizes the layout of the church. In this article, the geometric design of Hagia Sophia in relation to geometric methods of the classical periods such as 'Root rectangle', 'Sacred Cut', and 'Vesica Piscis' is interpreted. It is well-known fact that these techniques were known and used to the ancient Greek. It concludes that such geometric methods have come to be regarded as fundamental for the design of Hagia Sophia.


Hagia Sophia;Byzantine;Geometry;Proportion;Composition


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