Pelleting in Associated with Sodium Monensin Increases the Conjugated Linoleic Acids Concentration in the Milk of Dairy Cows Fed Canola Seeds

  • De Marchi, Francilaine Eloise (Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringa) ;
  • Romero, Jakeline Vieira (Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringa) ;
  • Damasceno, Julio Cesar (Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringa) ;
  • Grande, Paula Adriana (Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringa) ;
  • Zeoula, Lucia Maria (Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringa) ;
  • dos Santos, Geraldo Tadeu (Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringa)
  • Received : 2014.11.11
  • Accepted : 2015.02.10
  • Published : 2015.08.01


To evaluate the effects of the pelleting and the addition of sodium monensin on production, the chemical and lipid composition of milk and butter physical characteristics, 4 Holstein dairy cows (135 days of lactation) with an average milk production of 14.7 kg/d, were supplemented with a concentrate containing ground canola seeds. The cows were assigned to a $4{\times}4$ Latin square design with a $2{\times}2$ factorial arrangement of treatments: i) ground maize, soybean meal, mineral and vitamin supplements, and ground canola seeds (CG); ii) CG concentrate with 31.5 mg of monensin added per kg of dry matter (DM); iii) CG pelleted concentrate; iv) CG concentrate with monensin addition pelleted. There was no difference in milk production and composition. The addition of monensin increased milk concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), the PUFA/saturated fatty acids (SFA) ratio, and omega 6. The pelleting increased the concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids, the PUFA/SFA ratio, and the omega 6/omega 3 ratio, but decreased the concentration of SFA. The association between pelleting and the addition of monensin increased the concentration of conjugated linoleic acids by 46.9%. The physical characteristics of butter were not affected by the evaluated diets. We concluded that the concentrate with 31.5 mg of monensin added per kg DM basis combined with the pelleting improves the lipid composition of milk from Holstein cows that are on pasture and supplemented with ground canola seeds, without changing the production, milk composition, and spreadability of butter.


Animal Production;Ionophore;Heat Treatment;Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid


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