DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Trichophyton mentagrophytes infection in an African lion cub (Panthera leo) and transmission to a zookeeper

동물원 새끼 사자의 Trichophyton mentagrophytes 감염과 사육사에 전파된 원형피부백선 증례

  • Kim, Kyoo-Tae (Animal Health Center, Zoo Land, Daejeon O-World Theme Park) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Hun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kwak, Dongmi (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2015.01.26
  • Accepted : 2015.04.21
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Dermatophytosis was found on the right front leg of a 4-month-old female African lion cub (Panthera leo) kept at a zoo with locally marginal alopecia. For diagnosis, culturing on sabouraud dextrose agar was performed and skin scrapings from the lesion were analyzed. The ones from the culture and skin scrapings were identified as Trichophyton mentagrophytes. A zookeeper that had been in contacted with the lion for artificial rearing developed skin lesions with well-defined erythematous plaques on the right arm about 1 month after the lesion in the lion was observed. The ringworm was probably transmitted from the lion through continuous contact.

References

  1. Albano APN, da Silva Nascente P, Meirelles Leite AT, Xavier MO, Santin R, Mattei AS, Humberg RMP, Coimbra MAA, Minello LF, Meireles MCA. Isolation of dermatophytes in wild felids from screening centers. Braz J Microbiol 2013, 44, 171-174. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822013000100025
  2. Hwang SM, Kim DM, Lee MH, Suh MK, Ha GY, Lee JI. A case of kerion celsi in an adult caused by Trichophyton mentagrophytes probably transmitted from rabbit. Korean J Med Mycol 2011, 16, 99-104. https://doi.org/10.17966/kjmm.2011.16.3.99
  3. Kim YW, Choi WP. Distribution of dermatophytes and mycoflora from animal of 3 parks in Korea. Korean J Vet Public Health 2002, 26, 13-22.
  4. Lee BI, Lee JH, Lee JY, Park YM. Simultaneous occurrence of tinea corporis caused by Microsporum canis in a grandmother and a granddaughter. Korean J Med Mycol 2014, 19, 52-57. https://doi.org/10.17966/kjmm.2014.19.2.52
  5. Lee JH, Song MH, Park JW, Bu TS, Whang KU. Microsporum canis infections transmitted from a tiger in a group. Korean J Dermatol 2000, 38, 553-556.
  6. Lee KJ, Kim JE, Park HJ, Lee JY, Cho BK. A case of Trychophyton mentagrophytes var. erinacei infection from a patient' pet hedgehog. Korean J Med Mycol 2009, 14, 98-102.
  7. Lee YW, Jung ST, Ahn KJ. Familial Trichophyton mentagrophytes infection transmitted from guinea pig. Korean J Med Mycol 2002, 7, 51-54.
  8. Lee YW, Lim SH, Yim SM, Choe YB, Ahn KJ. A clinical and mycological study of dermatophytosis associated with animal contact. Korean J Med Mycol 2005, 10, 151-159.
  9. Miller WH, Griffin CE, Campbell KL, Muller GH. Diagnostic methods. In: Miller WH, Griffin CE, Campbell KL (eds.). Muller and Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology. 7th ed. pp. 87-91, Elsevier, St. Louis, 2013.
  10. Park JY, Shin DH, Choi JS, Kim KH. Isolation rates of dermatophytes and fungi from dogs and cats in an animal shelter in Daegu. Korean J Med Mycol 2012, 17, 37-46. https://doi.org/10.17966/kjmm.2012.17.2.37
  11. Pressanti C, Delverdier M, Iriart X, Morcel F, Cadiergues MC. A case of Trichophyton mentagrophytes infection in a fennec fox (Vulpes zerda). Vet Dermatol 2012, 23, 456-e87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3164.2012.01077.x
  12. Summerbell RC. Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton, and agents of superficial mycoses. In: Versalovic J, Carroll KC, Funke G, Jorgensen JH, Landry ML, Warnock DW (eds.). Manual of Clinical Microbiology. 10th ed. pp. 1919-1942, ASM Press, Washington D.C., 2011.
  13. Sykes JM 4th, Ramsay EC. Attempted treatment of tigers (Panthera tigris) infected with Microsporum canis. J Zoo Wildl Med 2007, 38, 252-257. https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260(2007)038[0252:ATOTPT]2.0.CO;2
  14. Tanaka E, Kimura T, Wada S, Hatai K, Sonoda S. Dermatophytosis in a Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). J Vet Med Sci 1994, 56, 551-553. https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.56.551
  15. Wilkinson GT, Harvey RG. Fungal skin diseases. In: Wilkinson GT, Harvey RG (eds.). Color Atlas of Small Animal Dermatology: a Guide to Diagnosis. 2nd ed. pp. 115-122, Mosby, Barcelona, 1999.