Association between Breakfast Frequency and Awareness of General School Life in High School Students

고등학생의 아침식사 섭취빈도와 전반적인 학교생활 인식도와의 관련성

  • Woo, Lee Jin (Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Kim, Seong Yeong (Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kyonggi University)
  • 우리진 (경기대학교 교육대학원 영양교육) ;
  • 김성영 (경기대학교 교육대학원 영양교육)
  • Received : 2015.01.07
  • Accepted : 2015.05.11
  • Published : 2015.06.30


This study investigated the association between breakfast frequency (0~2 times, 3~6 times, and 7 times per week) and awareness of general school life (physical activity, relationships with teachers and friends, rule compliance, study attitudes, study records, and overall school life) in high school students (boys 146 and girls 155) in the Yongin region. Awareness of physical activity was higher in girls (77.4%) than in boys (65.1%). Rule compliance showed a significant difference in girls (P<0.01), whereas boys did not show any difference. Percentage of 'effective' awareness of study attitudes was 24.0% and 44.5% in boys and girls, respectively. Awareness of study records in girls showed significant difference (0~2 times 37.5%, 3~6 times 30.4%, and 7 times 52.2%) (P<0.05), whereas boys did not show any difference. Awareness of overall school life showed a significant difference in both boys (P<0.05) and girls (P<0.01). Association between breakfast frequency and general school life in boys was as follows: awareness of overall school life had the highest positive value (+0.185) (P<0.05) and relationships with teachers had the second (+0.168) (P<0.05). Girls also showed the highest positive value (+0.323) (P<0.01) for awareness of overall school life, which occurred in the following order: rule compliance (+0.316) (P<0.01)> awareness of study attitudes (+0.267) (P<0.01)> relationships with friends (+0.215) (P<0.01). In conclusion, high school students showed a high positive association between breakfast frequency and general school life, particularly in girls. Therefore, effective nutrition education programs in connection with national policy and school support are highly required to provide healthy breakfast and school life to high school students.


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