Characteristics of the Springtime Weekday/Weekend on Mass and Metallic Elements Concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 in Busan

부산지역 봄철 주중/주말의 PM10과 PM2.5 질량농도와 금속이온농도 특성

  • Received : 2015.02.23
  • Accepted : 2015.05.06
  • Published : 2015.06.30


This study investigates weekday/weekend characteristics of $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration and metallic elements in Busan in the springtime of 2013. $PM_{10}$ concentration on weekday/weekend were 77.54 and $67.28{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively. And $PM_{2.5}$ concentration on weekday/weekend were 57.81 and $43.83{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively. Also, $PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$ concentration ratio on weekdays/weekend was 0.75 and 0.65, respectively. The contribution rates of Na to total metallic elements in $PM_{10}$ on weekday/weekend were 38.3% and 38.9%, respectively. It would be useful in control effectively with management of urban fine particle to understand characteristics of fine particle concentration on weekday/weekend.


Weekday/weekend;$PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentrations;Metallic elements


  1. Adachi, K., Tainosho, Y., 2004, Characterization of heavy metal particles embedded in tire dust, Environ. Int., 30, 1009-1017.
  2. Allen, G., Sioutas, C., Koutrakis, P., Reiss, R., Lurmann, F. W., Roberts, P. T., 1997, Evaluation of the TEOM method for measurement of ambient particulate mass in urban areas, Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 47, 682-689.
  3. Almeida, S. M., Pio, C. A., Freitas, M. C., Reis, M. A., Trancoso, M. A., 2006, Source apportionment of atmospheric urban aerosol based on weekdays/weekend variability: evaluation of road re-suspended dust contribution, Atmos. Environ., 40, 2058-2067.
  4. Chan, Y. C., Simpson, R. W., McTainsh, G. H., Vowles, P. D., Cohen, D. D., Bailey, G. M., 1997, Characterizations of chemical species in PM2.5 and PM10 aerosols in Brisbane, Australia, Atmos. Environ., 31, 3773-3785.
  5. Cheng, M. D., Gao, N., Hopke, P. K., 1996, Source apportionment study of nitrogen species measured in Southern California in 1987, Environ. Eng., 122, 183-190.
  6. Choi, Y. S., Ho, C. H., Kim, B. G., Hur, S. K., 2008, Long-term variation in midweek/weekend cloudiness difference during summer in Korea, Atmos. Environ., 42, 6726-6732.
  7. Fukuzaki, N., Yanaka, T., Urushiyama, Y., 1986, Effects of studded tires on road-side airborne dust pollution in Niigata, Japan, Atmos. Environ., 20, 377-386.
  8. Hassan, S. K., El-Abssawy, A. A., AbdEl-Maksoud, A. S., Abdou, M. H., Khoder, M. I., 2013, Seasonal behaviours and weekdays/weekends differences in elemental composition of atmo-spheric aerosols in Cairo, Egypt, Aerosol & Air Quality Res., 13, 1552-1562.
  9. Hopke, P. K., Lamb, R. E., Natusch, D. F. S., 1980, Multi elemental characterization of urban roadway dust, Environ. Sci. Tech., 14, 164-172.
  10. Hu, J. L., Wang, Y. G., Ying, Q., Zhang, H. L., 2014, Spatial and temporal variability of $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$ over the North China Plain and the Yangtze River Delta, China, Atmos. Environ., 95, 598-609.
  11. Jeon, B. I., 2010, Characteristics of spacio-temporal variation for $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration in Busan, Environ. Sci. Soc., 19, 1013-1023.
  12. Jeon, B. I., Hwang, Y. S., 2014, Characteristics of Weekday/Weekend $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ Concentrations at Busan, Environ, Sci. Inter., 23, 1241-1251.
  13. Jones, A. M., Yin, J., Harrison, R. M., 2008, The weekday-weekend difference and the estimation of the non-vehicle contributions to the urban increment of airborne particulate matter, Atmos. Environ., 42, 4467-4479.
  14. Kannari, A., Yamamoto, S., 1998, Characteristics of holiday's atmospheric environment in Tokyo, Jpn. Soc. Atmos. Environ., 33, 384-390.
  15. Karar, K., Gupta, A. K., Kumar, A., Biswas, A. K., Devotta, S., 2006, Statistical interpretation of weekday/weekend differences of ambient particulate matter, vehicular traffic, and meteorological parameters in an urban region of Kolkata, India, Indoor Built Environ., 15, 235-245.
  16. Kim, B. G., Kim, Y. J., Eun, S. H., Choi, M. H., 2007, A weekend effect in diurnal temperature range and its association with aerosols in Seoul, Atmosphere, 17, 147-157.
  17. Lee, B. K., Jun, N. Y., Lee, H. K., 2005, Analysis of impacts on urban air quality by restricting the operation of passenger vehicles during Asian Game events in Busan, Korea, Atmos. Environ., 39, 2323-2338.
  18. Lee, Y. L., Sequerira, R., 2002, Water-soluble aerosol and visibility degradation in Hong Kong during autumn and early winter, 1998, Environ. Pollut., 116, 225-233.
  19. Lindgren, A., 1996, Asphalt wear and pollution transport, Sci. Total Environ., 189/190, 281-286.
  20. Lonati, G., Giugliano, M., Cernuschi, S., 2006, The role of traffic emissions from weekends and weekdays fine PM data in Milan, Atmos. Environ., 40, 5998-6011.
  21. Lough, G. C., Schauer, J. J., Park, J. S., Shafer, M. M., Deminter, J. T., Weinstein, J. P., 2005, Emissions of metals associated with motor vehicle roadways. Environ. Sci. Tech., 39, 826-836.
  22. Mitra, A. P., Sharma, C., 2002, Indian aerosols: Present Status, Chemosphere, 49, 1175-1190.
  23. Motallebi, N., Tran, H., Croes, B. E., Larsen, L. C., 2003, Day-of-week patterns of particulate matter and its chemical components at selected sites in California, Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 53, 876-888.
  24. Park, S. S., Lee, K. H., Kim, Y. J., Kim, T. Y., Cho, S. Y., Kim, S. J., 2008, High time-resolution measurements of carbonaceous species in $PM_{2.5}$ at an urban site of Korea, Atmos. Res., 89, 48-61.
  25. Qin, Y., Oduyemi, K., 2003, Atmospheric aerosol source identification and estimates of source contributions to air pollution in Dundee, UK, Atmos. Environ., 37, 1799-1809.
  26. Qin, Y., Tonnesen, G. S., Wang, Z., 2004, Weekend/weekday differences of ozone, NOx, CO, VOCs, $PM_{10}$ and the light scatter during ozone season in southern California, Atmos. Environ., 38, 3067-3087.
  27. Samura, A., Al-Agha, O., Tuncel, S. G., 2003, Study of trace and heavy metals in rural and urban aerosols of Uludag and Bursa(Turkey), Water Air Soil Pollut., Focus, 3, 109-126.
  28. Sloane, C. S., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Pritchett, L. C., Richards, L. W., 1991, Size-segregated fine particle measurements by chemical species and their Impact on visibility impairment in Denver, Atmos. Environ., 25, 1013-1024.
  29. Sternbeck, J., Sjodin, A., Andreasson, K., 2002, Metal emissions from road traffic and the influence of resuspension-results from two tunnel studies, Atmos. Environ., 36, 4735-4744.
  30. Tsai, Y. I., 2005, Atmospheric visibility trends in an urban area in Taiwan 1961-2003, Atmos. Environ., 39, 5555-5567.
  31. Yamagami, M., Suzuki, H., Hasegawa, S., Nakashima, H., Hirao, S., Wakamatsu, S., 2008, Emission factor estimate and ambient concentration of elemental carbon in $PM_{2.5}$, Jpn. Soc. Atmos. Environ., 43, 273-283.

Cited by

  1. Influence of Atmospheric Particulate Matter on Ozone in Nanjing, China: Observational Study and Mechanistic Analysis vol.35, pp.11, 2018,