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Related factors of the Tuberculosis as a primary cause among the HIV disease deaths

HIV병 사망자 중 결핵 사망 분율과 관련 요인

  • Lee, Hye-Kwon (Department of Clinical Laboratory, Hongseong Medical Center) ;
  • Na, Baeg-Ju (Seoul Metropolitan Seobuk Hospital) ;
  • Chun, Sung-A (Minddle Health Welfare Social Cooperation) ;
  • Park, Kyun-Ik (Department of Public Health, The Graduate School of Public Health and Welfare, Konyang University)
  • 이혜권 (홍성의료원 진단검사의학과) ;
  • 나백주 (서울시립 서북병원) ;
  • 천성아 (민들레의료복지사회적협동조합) ;
  • 박균익 (건양대학교 보건복지대학원 보건학과)
  • Received : 2014.11.10
  • Accepted : 2015.06.05
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: To identify the importance of preventing tuberculosis for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infectees and to monitor their management of health, we investigated the proportion of HIV-TB (Tuberculosis) deaths among the HIV deaths and its related factors. Methods: Data for HIV deaths from 2002 to 2010 was acquired from Statistics Korea, after which the HIV deaths were reclassified into HIV-TB deaths or other deaths according to the KCD (Korean Classification of Diseases). We analyzed the proportion of HIV-TB deaths among HIV disease deaths and the relationship between HIV-TB deaths and related variables such as sex, age, educational level, marital status, etc. Results: There were 774 HIV deaths in South Korea between 2002 and 2010. TB was the main cause of death in 10.1% of all HIV deaths. The total proportion of HIV-TB deaths was 10.1% but its proportion reached 16.3% between 2005-2007 and then decreased to 4% in 2010. Also, the proportion of HIV-TB deaths was significantly high in the young age groups, but its proportion was significantly low in married groups and well educated groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: The result implies that the policy that takes care of HIV infectee regarding TB prevention has been getting systemized on a national scale. Also, HIV-TB deaths have been affected by social factors such as education and marriage status.

Keywords

Death;Healthcare Disparities;HIV;Tuberculosis

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