Rhythm Analysis of Cafe Visit - Focused on the cafe Usage Pattern of Texas's College Town in the United States -

카페 이용의 리듬분석 - 미국 텍사스 대학도시 카페의 이용패턴을 중심으로 -

  • Kim, Duk-Su ;
  • Kwun, Joon-Bum
  • 김덕수 ;
  • 권준범
  • Received : 2015.02.14
  • Accepted : 2015.06.03
  • Published : 2015.06.30


This study, initiated with the concerns of Odlenburg's 'the third place', aims to increase the understandings about the characteristics and roles of it, while analysing empirical data. A field study, as a research method, was utilized at the cafe SE located in a small college town. Specifically, the field study was conducted while interviewing with staff, consulting online reviews, and using participatory observation. The cafe SE was visited for 46 days, and observed 123 times with observation time-frames of morning, afternoon, evening, and night. The observation results, including table share of SE and patterns of use-behavior, were recorded on the plan of cafe, previously drawn. The research found that the cafe SE, as a 'third place,' shows the mobility of territory share and mixed behavior patterns between 'work behavior' and 'non-work behavior,' depending on the day of week(on weekdays or on weekends) and observation time slots(morning, afternoon, evening, and night). The research results can be a reference point for creating cafe as 'the third place' as well as functional space.


Cafe;Third Place;Rhythm Analysis


  1. Costa-Coffee (2005). Costa Coffee media briefing kit, Manchester: Communique PR, in Laurier, E., & Philo, C., The cappuccino community: Cafes and civic life in the contemporary city,
  2. Haine, W.S. (1996). The World of the Paris Cafe, Sociability among the French Working Class, 1789-1914, London, John Hopkins University Press, 150.
  3. Jeffres, L.W., Bracken, C.C., Jian, G., & Casey M.F. (2009). The impact of third places on community quality of life, Applied Research Quality Life, 4, 342.
  4. Kaplan, S. (1995). The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 169-182.
  5. Kleinman, S.S. (2006). Cafe culture in Trance and United States: A comparative ethnographic study of the use of mobile information and communication technologies, Atlantic Journal of Communication, 14(4), 208.
  6. Laurier, E. (2008 a). Drinking up endings: Conversational resources of the cafe, Language and Communication, 28, 179.
  7. Laurier, E. (2008 b). How breakfast happens in the cafe, Time & Society, 17(1), 122.
  8. Laurier, E., & Philo C. (2007). A parcel of muddling muckworms': Revisiting Habermas and the English coffee-houses, Social and Cultural Geography, 8(2), 270.
  9. Laurier, E., Whyte, A., & Buckner, K. (2001). An ethnography of a neighbourhood cafe: Informality, table arrangements and background noise, Journal of Mundane Behavior, 2(2), 11.
  10. Liff, S., & Laegram, A.S. (2003). Cybercafes: Debating the meaning and significance of internet access in a cafe environment, New Media Society, 5(3), 308-309.
  11. Oldenburg, R. (1991). The Great Good Place, New York, Paragon House, 16.
  12. Oldenburg, R. (1982). The third place, Qualitative Sociology, 5(4), 265-284.
  13. Pruncut, A. (2010). The literary cafe-(Re)constructing an urban space, The Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies, 2(3), 10-12.
  14. Rosenbaum, M.S. (2007). A cup of coffee with a dash of love: An investigation of commercial social support and third-place attachment, Journal of Service Research, 10(1), 54-55.
  15. Shapira, R., & Navon, D. (1991). Alone together: Public and private dimensions of a Tel-Aviv cafe, Qualitative Sociology, 14(2), 122-123.
  16. Simson, T. (2008). The commercialization of Macau's cafes, Ethnography, 9(2), 197-234.
  17. Stokowski, P.A. (2002). Languages of place and discourses of power: Constructing new senses of place, Journal of Leisure Research, 34(4), 373.
  18. Tumanan, M.A.R., & Lansangan, J.R.G. (2012). More than just a cuppa coffee: A multi-dimensional approach towards analyzing the factors that define place attachment, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31, 533.
  19. Warner, J., Talbot, D., & Bennison, G. (2012). The cafe as affective community space: Reconceptualizing care and emotional labour in everyday life, Critical Social policy, 33(2), 305-324.