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Analysis of Mint Essential Oils from Jeju Island, Korea by Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry and Headspace-Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry

Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry와 Headspace-Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry를 이용한 제주산 민트 에센셜오일 성분 분석

  • Hyun, Ho Bong (Faculty of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Boo, Kyung Hwan (Faculty of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kang, Hye Rim (Faculty of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim Cho, Somi (Faculty of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University)
  • Received : 2015.01.19
  • Accepted : 2015.03.25
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Compositions of essential oils extracted from mint herb such as Mentha piperita, Mentha spicata, and Mentha ${\times}$ piperita var. citrate produced in Jeju were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and headspace-GC-MS (HS-GC-MS). By the GC-MS analysis, 13 compounds were tentatively identified in Mentha piperita, Mentha spicata, and Mentha ${\times}$ piperita var. citrate, respectively. Peperitenone oxide, carvone, and linalool were detected as major compounds in Mentha piperita, in Mentha spicata, in Mentha ${\times}$ piperita var. citrate, respectively, based on the ratio of peak intensity in the total ion chromatogram. The greater number of compounds, including volatile alcohols and acetates were identified by HS-GC-MsS than by GC-MS in these all three essential oils. Similar patterns of composition were detected in both Mentha spicata and Mentha ${\times}$ piperita var. citrate by either one of GC-MS methods. However, in case of Mentha piperita, $\small{L}$-(-)-menthol, which was identified as the major compound by HS-GC-MS was detected in dramatically reduced quantity by GC-MS. Interestingly, we found that both linalyl acetate and linalool were identified as the dominant compounds in the essential oil of Mentha ${\times}$ piperita var. citrate.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 교육부

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