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Two-stage Bioprocesses Combining Dark H2 Fermentation: Organic Waste Treatment and Bioenergy Production

혐기성 수소발효를 결합한 생물학적 2단공정의 유기성폐자원 처리 및 바이오에너지 생산

  • LEE, CHAE-YOUNG (Dept. of Civil Engineering.Institute of River Environment Technology, The University of Suwon) ;
  • YOO, KYU-SEON (Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Jeonju University) ;
  • HAN, SUN-KEE (Dept. of Environmental Health, Korea National Open University)
  • 이채영 (수원대학교 토목공학과.하천환경기술연구소) ;
  • 유규선 (전주대학교 토목환경공학과) ;
  • 한선기 (한국방송통신대학교 환경보건학과)
  • Received : 2015.05.13
  • Accepted : 2015.06.30
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the application of dark $H_2$ fermentation to two-stage bioprocesses for organic waste treatment and energy production. We reviewed information about the two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation with $CH_4$ fermentation, photo $H_2$ fermentation, microbial fuel cells (MFCs), or microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) by using academic information databases and university libraries. Dark fermentative bacteria use organic waste as the sole source of electrons and energy, converting it into $H_2$. The reactions related to dark $H_2$ fermentation are rapid and do not require sunlight, making them useful for treating organic waste. However, the degradation is not complete and organic acids remain. Thus, dark $H_2$ fermentation should be combined with a post-treatment process, such as $CH_4$ fermentation, photo $H_2$ fermentation, MFCs, or MECs. So far, dark $H_2$ fermentation followed by $CH_4$ fermentation is a promising two-stage bioprocess among them. However, if the problems of manufacturing expenses, operational cost, scale-up, and practical applications will be solved, the two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation with photo $H_2$ fermentation, MFCs, or MECs have also infinite potential in organic waste treatment and energy production. This paper demonstrated the feasibility of two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation as a novel system for organic waste treatment and energy production.

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